Article

Qué drogas se prefieren para las relaciones sexuales en contextos recreativos

Adicciones: Revista de socidrogalcohol, ISSN 0214-4840, Vol. 20, Nº. 1, 2008, pags. 37-47
Source: OAI

ABSTRACT Entre los adolescentes el consumo de alcohol y otras drogas está frecuentemente vinculado al contexto recreativo nocturno, al igual que la búsqueda y experimentación en sexualidad. Cada una de las sustancias tiene efectos en el comportamiento, en la experiencia sexual y en las consecuencias. Aquí se explora cómo experimentan los adolescentes españoles la relación y el rol que ocupan las drogas en la experimentación de la sexualidad en estos contextos recreativos. Se ha utilizado metodología cualitativa para explorar la relación entre sexualidad y drogas en 100 jóvenes de ambos sexos de 4 ciudades españolas, que les gustase salir los fines de semana y con experiencia sexual. Se les localiza mediante el sistema de bola de nieve y se les hace entrevistas en profundidad. Los resultados confirman la importancia que adquiere el contexto recreativo nocturno en la búsqueda y experiencia sexual entre los jóvenes. Los jóvenes tienen una idea muy precisa de cómo cada una de ellas funciona en relación con distintas prácticas sexuales. El alcohol es con mucho la más popular y la que tiene más ventajas en las cuatro prácticas sexuales analizadas (facilitar el encuentro sexual, involucrarse en experiencias más arriesgadas, aumentar la excitación y prolongar la relación sexual), excepto para prolongar la relación que se prefiere la cocaína. El cannabis no gusta porque relaja y no hay interés en el éxtasis por sus efectos sobre la sexualidad. A las mujeres les gusta mucho el alcohol para experiencias arriesgadas, aumentar sensaciones y prolongar sexo y utilizarían menos cocaína.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
196 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper aims to compare sexual behaviour and risk and protective factors between samples of adolescents who have sex under the influence of alcohol and those who do not, and to determine predictors factors for having had sex under the influence of alcohol. We analysed differences between these two groups in sexual practices, attitudes towards HIV, subjective norms and HIV knowledge. Drawing on survey data collected from 1216 Spanish adolescents aged 14-18 (M = 15.92; SD = .76), a subset of 297 sexually experienced participants was selected. Of these, 117 reported having had sex under the influence of alcohol in the past six months (51% girls). Adolescents who combined sex and alcohol engaged more in vaginal sex, oral sex and anal sex than those who did not. Having had sex under the influence of alcohol in the past six months was associated with negative attitudes towards condom use, when there are obstacles on using them, and less consistent condom use. There were no differences in knowledge about STIs/HIV between both groups. Adolescents who combined sex and alcohol showed further characteristics associated with sexual risk. Preventive measures must address the particular characteristics of this risk group. Further evidence is need about alcohol effects on sexual behaviour.
    Adicciones 01/2013; 25(1):55-62. · 1.17 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction.  To date, it has been difficult to address the issue of sexual functioning and drug use, and many approaches to it have basic problems and methodological errors. Aim.  The present cross-sectional study compared the sexual functioning scores of a group of drug users with those of a group of nondrug users. It explored the relationship between drug abstinence and sexual functioning. Main Outcome Measures.  A sample of 905 males participated in this study (549 met the substance dependence criteria and 356 were controls). All of them were assessed with the Changes in Sexual Functioning Questionnaire-Drugs version. Method.  The assessment was conducted from September 2009 to January 2011. The clinical sample was evaluated in nine different substance abuse treatment facilities. Results.  Results show that, overall, all dimensions (pleasure, desire, arousal, and orgasm) were moderately impaired. Yet, differences regarding preferred substance were observed. Pleasure and orgasm were the two areas most significantly impaired. In these areas, all drugs seemed to negatively affect sexual functioning. However, desire and arousal were not affected by all the substances. In addition, at least after 2 weeks of drug abstinence, no relationship was found between drug abstinence and improvement in sexual functioning. The sample studied had an average of 1 year of drug abstinence and was found to have poorer sexual functioning than the control group. Conclusions.  Therefore, these results seem to contradict those that argue that drug use only impairs sexual functioning temporarily. Moreover, they suggest that sexual functioning does not improve just by stopping drug use. Vallejo-Medina P and Sierra JC. Effect of drug use and influence of abstinence on sexual functioning in a Spanish male drug-dependent sample: A multisite study. J Sex Med **;**:**-**.
    Journal of Sexual Medicine 10/2012; · 3.15 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: 1.1. The crustacyanins of Homarus gammarus (L.) and Homarus americanus, identical in absorption spectrum, behave differently in ion-exchange chromatography and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis.2.2. The carapace astaxanthin-proteins of the separate species also have distinct subunit structures.
    Comparative biochemistry and physiology. B, Comparative biochemistry 01/1985; 80(3):599-601. · 2.07 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
47 Downloads
Available from
Jun 2, 2014