La otra migración. Historias de discriminación de personas que vivieron en VIH en México

Salud mental, ISSN 0185-3325, Vol. 31, Nº. 4, 2008, pags. 253-260
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Available from: Daniel Hernández Rosete, Sep 29, 2015
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, we concentrate on certain trends in Mexican economy and society that are shaping the geography of emigration, are creating new zones of expulsion and are beginning to alter the characteristics of emigrants. Among these trends are the radical restructuring of Mexican agriculture, the reshaping of the urban system through the decline of primacy, the increase in inter-urban internal migration and the relative job stagnation of the Mexican urban economies. An equally important part of the story of emerging zones of attraction and expulsion are the changes in US labor markets, urbanization patterns and migration policies. Labor market and urbanization changes in the US, as in the relocation of food processing industries or the new growth cities and suburbs of the South and South-West, create a demand for unskilled service, construction and industrial labor in zones that had previously not received Mexican migrants. US migration policies, particularly strict enforcement of border control, raise the costs of crossing for undocumented migrants and deter those within the United States from returning home.
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    ABSTRACT: In this article we explore the variability of US-Mexico migration, positioning the emerging discourse on transnational migration within a migration systems approach. Looking at factors in the social and economic structures of Mexico and the US, we evaluate the prevalence of transnational migration patterns among Mexican migrants in conjunction with past patterns of temporary and permanent migration. Transnational migration and the communities it creates are conceived of as a different path of adjustment for migrants and, using Hirschmans's concept of the Exit, Voice, and Loyalty, we illustrate the reasons underpinning the predominance of transnational migrant communities among migrants of rural origin. Finally, we introduce original fieldwork that explores the prevalence of different migration patterns among urban migrants and validates the highly differentiated nature of Mexican migration.
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