Intervenção arqueológica no sítio das Atafonas: análise antropológica

Revista portuguesa de arqueologia, ISSN 0874-2782, Vol. 10, Nº. 1, 2007, pags. 37-42 01/2007;
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ABSTRACT Archaeological works carried out in the site of Atafonas (Torre de Coelheiros, Évora) had disclosed the existence of osteologic remains in two of the three identified burials. In Burial 1 was recovered an ossuary, whose dental remains allowed the identification of at least four individuals. The age at death, based on dental attrition, pointed to individuals around 15 years old. In Burial 2 were exumed the human dental remains of an individual, with a pattern of wear revealing an age at death of 10-12 years old. In Burial 3, no osteologic remains were found. Os trabalhos arqueológicos realizados no sítio das Atafonas (Torre de Coelheiros, Évora) revelaram a existência de restos osteológicos em duas das três sepulturas identificadas. Na Sepultura 1 detectou-se um ossário, com um número mínimo de quatro indivíduos. Da análise do desgaste dentário dos dentes exumados, obtiveram-se idades à morte não muito superiores a 15 anos. Na Sepultura 2 foram identificados vestígios de uma inumação, em fossa, de um indivíduo, com uma idade à morte compreendida entre os 10-12 anos. Na Sepultura 3, não foram descobertos restos osteológicos.

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    ABSTRACT: Lugar do Canto Cave is one of the most relevant Neolithic burial caves in Portugal given not only its extraordinary preservation conditions at the time of discovery but also the quality of the field record obtained during excavation. Its material culture immediately pointed to a Middle Neolithic cemetery but recent radiocarbon determinations also allowed the recognition of an apparent two step phasing of its use within the period (ca. 4000-3400 cal BC): an older one characterized by a single burial and a later reoccupation as a collective necropolis. Comparisons with other well-dated cave cemeteries in Southern Portugal permitted the recognition of changing funerary practices and strategies of cemetery use during the later stages of the Neolithic and the Chalcolithic: 1) ca. 3800 cal BC as the possible turning point from the practice of individual to collective burials; 2) alternating periods of intensive use and deliberate abandonment of cemeteries (evidenced by their intentional closure). Research avenues to investigate the social organization and ideological context underlying these aspects of the Neolithic communities in greater depth are tentatively pointed out in this paper.
    01/2015; 24:35-53. DOI:10.12795/spal.2015i24


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