Negative semantic priming from consciously vs. uncosnciously perceived single words

Psicológica: Revista de metodología y psicología experimental, ISSN 0211-2159, Vol. 28, Nº 2, 2007, pags. 105-128
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Available from: Carmen Noguera, Oct 05, 2015
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    ABSTRACT: The present research examines the influence of prime-target relationship (associative and categorical versus categorical only) on priming effects from attended and ignored parafoveal words. Participants performed a lexical-decision task on a single central target, which was preceded by two parafoveal prime words, one of which (the attended prime) was spatially precued. The results showed reliable positive and negative priming effects from attended and ignored words, respectively. However, this priming pattern was observed only for the "associative and categorical", but not for the "categorical only" relationship condition. These results suggest that the lack of semantic priming effects from words in some prior studies may be attributed to the kind of material used (i.e. weakly-associated word pairs).
    Acta Psychologica 08/2003; 113(3):283-95. DOI:10.1016/S0001-6918(03)00034-9 · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Two experiments were conducted to examine cross-language priming from ignored stimuli in bilinguals. In Experiment 1, bilinguals categorized a focally attended number while ignoring flanking words during aprimetrial and then made lexical decisions toprobeletter strings. When probe words were semantic associates of previously ignored flanker words, cross-language negative priming occurred only when the ignored flankers were in the subject's first language (L1), and the probe target was in the second language (L2). Using translation equivalents rather than semantic associates, the second experiment found that cross-language negative priming occurred in both the L1-L2 and the L2-L1 conditions. However, there was still an asymmetry with more negative priming occurring in the L1-L2 condition. These results suggest that bilinguals access common conceptual representations across languages and support a revised hierarchical model of bilingual memory organization (Kroll & Stewart, 1994).
    Journal of Memory and Language 06/1996; 35(3-35):353-370. DOI:10.1006/jmla.1996.0020 · 4.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In 4 experiments, subjects classified visually presented target words as pleasant-unpleasant words or male-female first names. Prime words were similar (congruent) or dissimilar (incongruent) in meaning to targets. Brief duration of prime words (17, 33, or 50 ms), along with pre- and postmasking, prevented most subjects from perceiving their physical and semantic properties. By constraining response latencies to fall within a response window--a narrow time band that occurred earlier than subjects would ordinarily respond--these experiments consistently produced subliminal priming effects, indicated by greater error rates for incongruent than congruent priming trials. This conclusion was confirmed by analyzing magnitude of priming as a regression function of prime perceptibility using the method of A. G. Greenwald, M. R. Klinger, and E. S. Schuh (1995). The data of each experiment passed their significant-intercept criterion for demonstrating unconscious cognition.
    Journal of Experimental Psychology General 10/1998; 127(3):286-303. DOI:10.1037/0096-3445.127.3.286 · 5.50 Impact Factor
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