Article

La crítica de arte en Colombia: los primeros años

Historia Critica (Impact Factor: 0.15).
Source: OAI

ABSTRACT El artículo explora algunos de los ejemplos iniciales de la crítica de arte en Colombia. Rastrea los rasgos más relevantes en términos de lenguaje, y muestra que en el nacimiento de la crítica en Colombia a partir de la segunda mitad del siglo XIX se estableció un procedimiento corriente en los críticos. A partir de la reconstrucción de las polémicas de 1886 y 1899, indica que los críticos de arte trabajaban desde un horizonte de expectativas compartido, que enmudeció frente a las primeras obras modernas presentadas en el país por Andrés de Santa María y sostiene la tesis de que los críticos se vieron forzados a ampliar su horizonte de expectativas para poder leer este tipo de obras. Si bien este proceso fue gradual, indica la necesidad de revaluar el ejercicio de la crítica en esa época, que ha sido juzgado como superficial y anecdótico y por lo tanto, como carente de intereses. En este artículo se toma el partido contrario y se defiende la necesidad de releer adecuadamente los antecesores en la tradición de la crítica, con el fin de evitar lecturas precipitadas y errores en la percepción de nuestra historia.

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May 31, 2014