Clima organizacional y gerencia: inductores del cambio organizacional

Investigación y postgrado, ISSN 1316-0087, Vol. 21, Nº. 2, 2006, pags. 231-248 01/2006;
Source: OAI


This article examines the organizational climate and management in the context of organizational changes. A partial review of the extensive bibliography available is included. The approach follows a generalist perspective in order to apply the discussion to various types of organizations. Three working experiences are described based on 527 climate evaluations. These assessments revealed an impact of management actions on the working atmosphere that can be quantify between 50 and 70 percent. The study highlights the need for bosses to manage organizational climate at the company, department and team levels. Departing from the notion that a manager's role is to promote chance, managing the climate must be decisive if there is an imminent organizational change. Este artículo ha sido elaborado con el propósito de discutir el clima organizacional y la gerencia en el contexto de los cambios organizacionales. Se presenta una síntesis parcial de la abundante literatura que existe sobre este tema. El abordaje es general, de modo que la discusión se realiza sobre los conocimientos y las experiencias que pueden ser aplicables a diversos tipos de organizaciones. Se describen tres experiencias de trabajo con organizaciones que muestran el resultado de 527 evaluaciones del clima, en las cuales se evidencia la influencia de la acción gerencial sobre la calidad del clima organizacional, siendo ésta cuantificada y ubicada en un intervalo porcentual que oscila entre el 50% y 70%. Se subraya la necesidad de que el gerente gestione el clima en su organización, vista en su totalidad, o sea un departamento o un grupo de trabajo. Esa gestión del clima deberá realizarla con mayor empeño, si desea emprender un proceso de cambio partiendo de la premisa que ser promotor de cambios es un rol gerencial, cuyo éxito en el desempeño estará determinado por la calidad del clima organizacional.

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