Metodología de entrenamiento de observadores para investigaciones sobre Educación Física y Deporte en las que se utilice como método la observación

Motricidad: revista de ciencias de la actividad física y del deporte, ISSN 0214-0071, Nº. 5, 1999, pags. 69-86 5.
Source: OAI


The importance of the observation in the research on Physical Activity and Sport is manifested in all the lines of research of this knowledge area. Before the imnportance that in this method has the observers, we intend to offer a trainning methodology of the observers that assure the reliability in the data collection and, consistently, it will be a useful instrument for the investigation lines that certify this knowledge area. La Importancia de la Observación en la investigación sobre la Actividad Física y el Deporte es manifiesta, dado que se utiliza prácticamente en todas las líneas de investigación de esta área de conocimiento. Ante la importancia que en este método tiene la utilización de observadores, con este estudio pretendemos ofrecer una Metodología de Entrenamiento de Observadores que asegure la fiabilidad en la recogida de datos y por tanto, sea un instrumento útil para las diferentes líneas de investigación que conforman esta área de conocimiento.

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    • "Los resultados de la concordancia interobservadores demostraron que ninguno bajó del índice 0 . 80 en cada código registrado , considerado como el grado mínimo de confiabilidad necesario que debe alcanzar un observador antes de participar en una investigación ( Medina & Delgado , 1999 ) , estando siempre por encima del 0 . 85 . "
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to establish the factors which affect the level of participation among players of different youth male volleyball teams. Number of transitions, continuity, point finalization and its result, were analyzed. The study was focused on the 2002 Male under 14 Scholar Spanish Championship, through a synchronic, symmetric and multidimensional investigation design. The Number of transitions to the other court and continuity had a straight relation with the focus of the research; however, there is no statistical signification between the increased participation with more likely of completing finish points and achieving a most points. We concluded that it can be considered that this volleyball category is characterized by the existence of a specialized and hierarchical game style, in which the best players show a highest level of involvement during the game.
    Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Fisica y del Deporte 12/2014; · 0.15 Impact Factor
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    • "The basic training stage, similar to the preparatory phase of training described by Medina and Delgado (1999), involves learning about the behavior to be observed and understanding its operational definition. One way of doing this is through observation exercises involving video recordings of part of the behavior to be observed. "
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    ABSTRACT: In the field of observational methodology the observer is obviously a central figure, and close attention should be paid to the process through which he or she acquires, applies, and maintains the skills required. Basic training in how to apply the operational definitions of categories and the rules for coding, coupled with the opportunity to use the observation instrument in real-life situations, can have a positive effect in terms of the degree of agreement achieved when one evaluates intra- and inter-observer reliability. Several authors, including Arias et al. (Apunts, 4:40–45, 2009) and Medina and Delgado (Motricidad: Revista de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte, 5:69–86, 1999) , have put forward proposals for the process of basic and applied training in this context. Reid and De Master (ORI Res Bull, 12:1–13, 1972) focuses on the observer’s performance and how to maintain the acquired skills, it being argued that periodic checks are needed after initial training because an observer may, over time, become less reliable due to the inherent complexity of category systems. The purpose of this subsequent training is to maintain acceptable levels of observer reliability. Various strategies can be used to this end, including providing feedback about those categories associated with a good reliability index, or offering re-training in how to apply those that yield lower indices. The aim of this study is to develop a performance-based index that is capable of assessing an observer’s ability to produce reliable observations in conjunction with other observers.
    Quality and Quantity 02/2014; DOI:10.1007/s11135-014-9989-7 · 0.72 Impact Factor
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    • "Finally, we verified the level of internal agreement or intraobserver concordance, evaluating the reliability of the proposed methodology based on a dual viewing and data collection from 6 complete games in the Spanish ACB League, with a 10-day rest period between the recording and analysis before and after each game (Medina and Delgado, 1999). The sample included a total of 192 pick and roll situations. "
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    ABSTRACT: This study examines the design and validation of a tactical analysis methodology proposal for the study of pick and roll in basketball, applying the principles of observational methodology and the recording of actions in their natural context. We have developed three phases: Phase 1) Identification and selection of analysis variables, in which behavioral variables have been identified and cataloged (pick and roll), contextual analysis variables (court area, time of possession and period of play) and evaluative analysis variables (result of the action); Phase 2) Ad hoc creation of recording instruments, in which a computer tool was adapted (VA-Sports Software: Basketball) to address the particularities and specific needs of the study of the pick and roll situations.; and Phase 3) Quality control of the data, in which selection criteria were set for the sample, the training process of the observers was carried out, and the level of internal agreement and intraobserver concordance were verified in order to assess the reliability of the methodological approach. A total of 192 pick and roll situations corresponding to 6 games of the Spanish ACB League were analyzed in this study. The results suggest a high level of reliability of the methodology designed; as a whole it earned a high average Kappa value (.994), leading to the conclusion that the proposed analysis variables are precise in their definition and categorization in order to study pick and roll situations. The analysis variables; time of possession, period of play and results of the action showed a maximum level of agreement (Kappa value 1.000), while the analysis variables; pick and roll and court area also show a high degree of objectivity (Kappa values of .990 and .981 respectively).
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