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Resolución de problemas, Matemáticas y Computación

Profesor Emérito de la Universidad del Zulia. Adscrito al Programa de Promoción al Investigador (PPI); Resolution of problems, Mathematical and Computer Science
Enl@ce: revista Venezolana de Información, Tecnología y Conocimiento, ISSN 1690-7515, null 2, Nº. 2, 2005, pags. 37-45
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ABSTRACT The objective of the work of this paper is to make a reflection on the importance of problem solving in the process of teaching and learning science, particularly in the cases of mathematics and computer science. The work shows the form in which problems are solved from the method proposed by George Pólya are due to solve (1887-1985). From there, it were considered the experiences and results obtained in the Mathematical Olympic Games that are celebrated in Venezuela, doing an analogy of the resolution of problems in the world of the computation. Also, it analyzes the reaches of the different events that support the education of science, in special with mathematical Olympic competition and computer programming competition, and how they stimulate to prepare them for the resolution of problems. El objetivo del trabajo es presentar una reflexión sobre la importancia de la resolución de problemas en el proceso de enseñanza y aprendizaje de la ciencia, en particular en los casos de la matemática y la ciencia de la computación. El trabajo muestra la forma en que se deben resolver problemas a partir del método propuesto por George Pólya (1887-1985). A partir de allí, se consideraron las experiencias y resultados obtenidos en las Olimpiadas Matemáticas que se celebran en Venezuela, haciendo una analogía de la resolución de problemas en el mundo de la computación. Igualmente, se plantean los alcances de los diferentes eventos que apoyan la enseñanza de la ciencia, en especial con las olimpíadas matemática y los maratones de programación en computación, y cómo ellos incentivan y estimulan a preparase para la resolución de problemas.

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