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Estudio del crecimiento en niños desde el nacimiento hasta los 9 años de edad en Valencia

Revista española de nutrición comunitaria = Spanish journal of community nutrition, ISSN 1135-3074, Vol. 11, Nº. 1, 2005, pags. 12-17 01/2005;
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ABSTRACT Fundamento: El crecimento en el niño está condicionado por diversos factores. El objetivo del estudio fue establecer el desarrollo longitudinal de los niños de Valencia, basándonos en los cambios socioculturales que se han producido en los últimos años y comparando estos patrones de crecimiento con otros previamente establecidos. Método: Un total de 316 niños sanos cumplían los criterios y participaron en el estudio. Los niños habían nacido en Valencia en 1991 y su seguimiento cubrió el periodo desde su nacimiento hasta los 9 años. Periódicamente se recogieron datos sobre el peso, la altura y el perímetro cefálico que se compararon con las tablas de referencia para la población española. Resultados: Se ha observado un menor peso al nacimiento que se compensa a los 3 meses comparado con la población de referencia. Los niños estudiados, tanto niños como niñas, presentan mayor altura, incremento estadísticamente significativo en las niñas de nuestro estudio en relación con la población de referencia. Conclusiones: Observamos cambios antropométricos en la población estudiada en el nacimiento, 3 meses, 6 años y 9 años en relación con la población de referencia. Son necesarios estudios antropométricos de crecimiento continuados que permitan en cada momento evaluar a los niños en relación a patrones de referencia adecuados.

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