Article

Cirugía laparoscópica hepática y pancreática

Anales del sistema sanitario de Navarra (Impact Factor: 0.35). 01/2005; DOI: 10.4321/S1137-66272005000600007
Source: OAI

ABSTRACT El desarrollo de la cirugía laparoscópica incluye también los procedimientos más complejos de la cirugía abdominal como los que afectan al hígado y al páncreas. Desde la laparoscopia diagnóstica, acompañada de ecografía laparoscópica, hasta las resecciones mayores hepáticas o pancreáticas, el abordaje laparoscópico se ha ido extendiendo y abarca hoy la práctica totalidad de los procedimientos quirúrgicos en patología hepatopancreática. Sin olvidar nunca que el objetivo de la cirugía mínimamente invasiva no es un mejor resultado estético sino la disminución de las complicaciones postoperatorias, es innegable que el abordaje laparoscópico ha supuesto un gran beneficio para los pacientes en todo tipo de cirugías excepto, por el momento, en el caso de las grandes resecciones como la hepatectomía izquierda o derecha o las resecciones de segmentos VII y VIII. La cirugía pancreática ha tenido un gran desarrollo con la laparoscopia, especialmente en el campo de la pancreatectomía distal por tumores quísticos y neuroendocrinos, en los que el abordaje de elección es laparoscópico. Igualmente juega un importante papel la laparoscopia, junto con la ecolaparoscopia, en la estadificación de tumores pancreáticos, previa a la cirugía abierta o para indicar el tratamiento adecuado. En los próximos años, es de esperar que el desarrollo siga siendo exponencial, y, unido a los avances en robótica, permitirá asistir todavía a un mayor impacto del abordaje laparoscópico en el campo de la cirugía hepática y pancreática. Palabras clave. Laparoscopia. Cirugía mínimamente invasiva. Cirugía hepática laparoscópica. Cirugía pancreática laparoscópica. Resección laparoscópica.

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