Article

La Formación del Profesorado y el discurso de las competencias

Revista interuniversitaria de formación del profesorado, ISSN 0213-8646, Nº 51, 2004 (Ejemplar dedicado a: La Universidad de la convergencia, una mirada crítica), pags. 127-144 01/2004;
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ABSTRACT Si la discusión y las decisiones relacionadas con la formulación de los perfiles profesionales han tenido poca incidencia real sobre las prácticas de formación, y si además tales formulaciones en sus diferentes formatos de presentación ¿estándares, competencias, niveles, etcétera¿ se ven sometidos a interpretaciones dispares, la cuestión del debate sobre la profesionalización docente probablemente deba ser planteada en otros términos. Desde el punto de vista del autor lo que hay detrás y en el fondo del debate sobre la formación del profesorado es una teoría del sujeto y una teoría del conocimiento, y una teoría de la relación entre ambos. Pero esto es también decir una teoría del poder, pues cómo se gobierna el razonamiento sobre esa relación entre sujeto y conocimiento tiene mucho que ver con el campo de las relaciones sociales. Y todo ello nos remite necesariamente a una pregunta y una respuesta ética. En el debate actual sobre competencias profesionales lo que aquí se subraya como relevante es la disposición estratégica del lenguaje en un campo institucional para reforzar o articular determinados dispositivos de poder y control. De qué se habla y de qué se deja de hablar, quién habla, desde donde, en qué marco de relaciones históricamente mediadas, son preguntas metódicas en la analítica discursiva.

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