La Formación del Profesorado y el discurso de las competencias

Revista interuniversitaria de formación del profesorado, ISSN 0213-8646, Nº 51, 2004 (Ejemplar dedicado a: La Universidad de la convergencia, una mirada crítica), pags. 127-144 01/2004;
Source: OAI

ABSTRACT Si la discusión y las decisiones relacionadas con la formulación de los perfiles profesionales han tenido poca incidencia real sobre las prácticas de formación, y si además tales formulaciones en sus diferentes formatos de presentación ¿estándares, competencias, niveles, etcétera¿ se ven sometidos a interpretaciones dispares, la cuestión del debate sobre la profesionalización docente probablemente deba ser planteada en otros términos. Desde el punto de vista del autor lo que hay detrás y en el fondo del debate sobre la formación del profesorado es una teoría del sujeto y una teoría del conocimiento, y una teoría de la relación entre ambos. Pero esto es también decir una teoría del poder, pues cómo se gobierna el razonamiento sobre esa relación entre sujeto y conocimiento tiene mucho que ver con el campo de las relaciones sociales. Y todo ello nos remite necesariamente a una pregunta y una respuesta ética. En el debate actual sobre competencias profesionales lo que aquí se subraya como relevante es la disposición estratégica del lenguaje en un campo institucional para reforzar o articular determinados dispositivos de poder y control. De qué se habla y de qué se deja de hablar, quién habla, desde donde, en qué marco de relaciones históricamente mediadas, son preguntas metódicas en la analítica discursiva.

  • Source
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Few people would deny that initial and continuing teacher education are crucial factors in the improvement of education. Nevertheless, one must adopt a certain reservation before offering categorical and knee-jerk responses to the question which heads this article. This is not only a result of the ambiguity of the available evidence, so much the worse if one were to succumb to the temptation of establishing monocausal relationships, but also due to the very complexity of a question whose explicit and implicit terms ('improvement' and its conditions, the 'object' and the 'subject' of the same, the approach to professional preparation, etc.) are all debatable. Moreover, there needs to be some caution in examining the belief that it is feasible to determine empirically the body of knowledge, skills and commitments which would be required by teachers in order to guarantee 'effective' and successful teaching. Given the socio-political nature of institutionalised education, whatever teacher education project must be open to supra-empirical consideration and, for this reason, should be expected to defend itself in accord with general principles. However, these principles or values are proposed; they are not discovered. It follows, therefore, that one inevitably enters into the world of ¿discourse¿, which tries to persuade by means of arguments and not through the proposal of predictions. On the other hand, in no way does this mean that the problem is reduced to a mere doctrinal choice. The arguments presented neither can nor ought to be divorced from the best knowledge available to us. Precisely for this reason, the authors seek to make a modest contribution to this debate, drawing attention to a body of research which focuses on how professional practice is constituted' de facto. It is a body of research too often passed over within this field, despite the fact that it seems fundamental to us in weighing up the possibilities and limitations of teacher education. Its consideration will give us cause to rethink some of the immediate challenges, and to revise (in the light of our findings) the reforms presently being imposed in an effort to redefine professionalism in teaching.
    Education Policy Analysis Archives 01/2007; 15:1-25.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Developing an information and knowledge society involves the incorporation of technological tools into education. This can only happen if teachers are properly qualified to include such tools into the classroom dynamics. The present article brings to the forefront a training proposal framed within an R&D project funded by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation under the title of "Design, production and evaluation in a 2.0 learning environment for the training of university teachers in the educational use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) (EDU2009-08 893)," which has as its aim to incorporate technology tools both into classroom dynamics and into teachers' professional development.


1 Download
Available from