Intoxicaciones agudas en el hogar: exposiciones por inhalación

Información terapéutica del Sistema Nacional de Salud, ISSN 1130-8427, Vol. 29, Nº. 4, 2005, pags. 96-107
Source: OAI

ABSTRACT La inhalación de gases y vapores tóxicos en el hogar es una causa relativamente frecuente de intoxicación: de acuerdo con los datos del Servicio de Información Toxicológica, representan un 5% del total de exposiciones tóxicas. A diferencia del resto de intoxicaciones accidentales domésticas, las exposiciones respiratorias van a ser más comunes en los adultos y en muchas circunstancias puede verse afectada más de una víctima. Los productos más implicados fueron lejía, mezclas de lejías con ácidos originando gas cloro, o con amoníaco dando cloraminas, seguidos de pesticidas, hidrocarburos y monóxido de carbono. En un 13% de los casos en los que nos llaman desde un domicilio, el paciente es remitido a urgencias por su gravedad potencial. Analizamos las fuentes, mecanismo de acción, clínica, diagnóstico y tratamiento de los tóxicos más frecuentes.

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