Relación entre estilos y estrategias de afrontamiento y bienestar psicológico en adolescentes

Psicothema, ISSN 0214-9915, Vol. 14, Nº. 2, 2002, pags. 363-368
Source: OAI

ABSTRACT Las estrategias de afrontamiento utilizadas por los adolescentes pueden incidir en su desarrollo psicológico. En el presente trabajo se estudió la relación entre el afrontamiento y el bienestar psicológico, así como la incidencia de la edad y el género sobre estas variables. La muestra está formada por 417 adolescentes entre 15 y 18 años. Las estrategias de afrontamiento se evaluaron con el ACS (Frydenberg y Lewis, 1996a) y el bienestar psicológico con el BIEPS (Casullo y Castro, 2000). Los resultados señalan una escasa relación de la edad con el afrontamiento y el bienestar psicológico. En cuanto al género, las mujeres poseen mayor repertorio de estrategias de afrontamiento y menos habilidad para afrontar los problemas que los varones. El nivel de bienestar psicológico establece diferencias más claras respecto a las estrategias de afrontamiento utilizadas que la edad y el género.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Well-being psychology theory (Ryff, 1989) is one of the essential links of positive psychology, which has been mainly framed between two perspectives that explain a model of world and a model of person (Díaz, 2006). Ryff (1989) states her model baptized as "Integrated Model of Personal Development". Considering that sport, and life cycle sport are activities that demand to be strong, to have superior volitive skills, autonomy, be challenging, set up objectives, meet aims, grow as person, adapt to different environments and changes, and for that purpose, establish positive relationship with the others, be healthy and maintain self control, is for that reason we will stop into this concept and the analysis of psychological wellbeing and its involvement in sport, and sport psychology, from Carol Ryff perspective.
    Revista latinoamericana de psicología 08/2009; 41(2):335-347. · 0.64 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To analyse the stress level at different academic times, by measuring salivary cortisol and assessing the influence of the stress level on the effectiveness of a nutrition education program for adolescents. Methods: Salivary cortisol of 42 compulsory secondary education students was determined (morning and evening) at the beginning of the course and in the time prior to final exams. A nutrition education program was developed during the course and food consumption data were collected by means of a food frequency questionnaire in both initial and final moments. In addition, the body mass index was determined. Results: The initial morning cortisol level was lower with respect to the final morning level (p <0.05), with higher levels in females (p <0.05). In the final determination, the morning cortisol was also higher in girls (p <0.01). There were no significant changes in body mass index. 23.8% of students referred fewer consumption of carbonated beverages after the intervention program, while 28.57% reported having breakfast before leaving home. A reduction in the consumption of fruit at the end of the study was observed. Discussion: To properly assess whether the observed changes are related to the nutrition education program or with the stressful situation due to the proximity of the exams, which would imply an increase in the intake, more studies would be necessary at the different stages of the course.
    Nutricion hospitalaria: organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Nutricion Parenteral y Enteral 02/2013; 28(1):211-216. · 1.31 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this paper was to study the link between occurrence of stressful life events and adjustment problems during adolescence, paying attention to the possible moderator effect of adolescents' coping strategies. The sample was made up of 90 teenagers, who were studied longitudinally from middle adolescence (15-16 years old) until emerging adulthood (21-22 years old). They completed questionnaires about stressful life events, coping strategies and adjustment problems. In a longitudinal design the evolution of coping strategies over time were analyzed as well as possible differences associated with sex are considered. Also, in the present research moderation effects of different coping strategies in the relationship between life stressors and adolescent adjustment were analyzed. The results showed that the approximate strategies (help- seeking and problem solving) increased over time, meanwhile avoidance strategies (cognitive and behavioral) decreased, although only some trajectories were statistically significant. Related to sex differences, girls frequently used help-seeking strategies compared to boys. On the other hand, the moderation analysis revealed that only avoiding coping strategy moderated the relationship between stressful life events and adolescent adjustment. However, the moderation effect was different for cognitive and behavioural avoidance coping strategies. These results extend the knowledge we have about the impact of avoidance coping strategies over adolescent adjustment and underline the need for deeper study into this topic.
    Revista latinoamericana de psicología 05/2012; 44(2):39-53. · 0.64 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Aug 26, 2014