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La génesis del Estado republicano en Colombia: Elementos para una historia social de la administración pública

Cuadernos de Historia del Derecho, 2006
Source: OAI

ABSTRACT La génesis del Estado republicano en Colombia se inscribe en un proceso de modernización de las instituciones políticas y administrativas que se confunde, cronológicamente, con el proceso de Independencia y de constitución de la Nación colombiana. El artículo aborda el estudio del proceso de modernización del Estado a partir del análisis de los intentos de modernización de la administración pública, ya que la centralización y la expansión de ésta constituyen elementos clave para la modernización política de las nuevas instituciones estatales y su legitimación. Se considera que el proceso de modernización en Colombia quedó truncado, por lo menos parcialmente, debido al fracaso de este proceso modernizador. A través del caso de la administración pública del Departamento del Cauca durante la época de la Gran Colombia (1821-1830), se analiza tres aspectos de esta hipótesis: la escasez de personal competente, la falta de recursos y la difusión y apropiación muy limitadas de las ideas de la Ilustración. The birth of the republican State in Colombia is marked by a process of modernization of the political and administrative institutions that is chronologically coincident with the process of Independence and constitution of the Colombian Nation. The article undertakes the study of the process of modernization of the State from the analysis of the modernization attempts frome part of the public administration, since its centralization and expansion constitute the key elements of the new state, its institutions and its legitimation. It is considered that the process of modernization in Colombia was truncated, at least partially, due to the failure of this modernization process. Through the case of the public administration of the Cauca Department at the time of the Great Colombia (1821-1830), three aspects are analyzed to give reason of this hypothesis: the absence of a competitive staff, the lack of resources and the little and very limited diffusion and appropriation of the ideas of the Illustration.

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