Roles for Children's Hospitals in Pediatric Collaborative Improvement Networks
(Impact Factor: 5.47).
05/2013; 131(Supplement):S215-S218. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2012-3786I
Children's hospitals represent a significant opportunity to reduce morbidity, mortality, and costs, particularly for children with complex chronic conditions (CCCs) who comprise a disproportionate and growing share of admissions, readmissions, and resource use. Most children with CCCs are in some way associated with a children's hospital, and the subspecialists who care for them are primarily concentrated in the ≈ 200 children's hospitals in the United States. Children's hospitals and their associated subspecialty clinics are uniquely positioned to achieve significant outcomes and cost savings through coordinated quality-improvement efforts. However, even the largest children's hospital has relatively small volumes of patients with any given condition. Only by linking children's hospitals in networks can a sufficient "N" be achieved to build the evidence for what works for children. Large-scale pediatric collaborative network exemplars have demonstrated the ability to improve outcomes, reduce costs, and spread changes found to be effective. Substantial opportunities exist for networks to expand to additional conditions, improvement topics, and sites, but financial barriers exist. Although much of their participation has been funded as "pay to participate" efforts by the hospitals themselves, most financial benefits accrue to payers. As health care reform becomes a reality and financial pressures intensify, it will become increasingly difficult for children's hospitals to serve as the primary source of support for networks. Partnerships between children's hospitals and national payers to support collaborative networks are needed, and these partnerships have the potential to significantly improve pediatric care and outcomes, particularly for children with CCCs.
Available from: pediatrics.aappublications.org
Pediatrics 06/2013; 131(Supplement):S187-S188. DOI:10.1542/peds.2012-3786D · 5.47 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
To describe recurrent admissions in a cohort of complex chronic patients at a specialty children's hospital, identify factors that contribute to multiple admissions, and test the hypothesis that risk factors predict patterns of readmissions within specified time intervals.
Retrospective cohort analysis of patients admitted to a specialty children's hospital during calendar year 2006 followed through 2011. Administrative and medical record abstracted data were analyzed by the total number of recurrent admissions and by readmissions with 7, 30 and 90 days at any point during the five year study period.
One thousand two hundred and twenty-nine patients with 2295 inpatient admissions were examined. %467 Four hundred and sixty-seven patients (38%) experienced at least one additional inpatient admission at any time during the study period. Eight variables were significant risk factors for subsequent admission at any time during the study period: indwelling technology, mobility support, critical care consultation, medical (vs. surgical) admission, mean LOS across all admissions, number of scheduled medications at discharge, insurance on index admission, and gross charges on index admission. Presence of indwelling technology, increasing numbers of scheduled medications at discharge and Nervous System APR-DRG diagnoses were significant factors predicting readmission within 7, 30, and 90 day intervals.
Within this population of complex chronic patients risk factors were identified that predict vulnerability to recurrent admissions suggesting that further research is needed to address a unique subset of complex chronic patients and the complement of systems organized to provide health care delivery services for them.
Journal of pediatric rehabilitation medicine 06/2015; 8(2):131-139. DOI:10.3233/PRM-150326
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Hospital quality-of-care measures are publicly reported to inform consumer choice and stimulate quality improvement. The number of hospitals and states with enough pediatric hospital discharges to detect worse-than-average inpatient care remains unknown.
This study was a retrospective analysis of hospital discharges for children aged 0 to 17 years from 3974 hospitals in 44 states in the 2009 Kids' Inpatient Database. For 11 measures of all-condition or condition-specific quality, we assessed the number of hospitals and states that met a "power standard" of 80% power for a 5% level significance test to detect when care is 20% worse than average over a 3-year period. For this assessment, we approximated volume as 3 times actual 2009 admission volumes.
For all-condition quality, 1380 hospitals (87% of all pediatric discharges) and all states met the power standard for the family experience-of-care measure; 1958 hospitals (95% of discharges) and all states met the standard for adverse drug events. For condition-specific quality measures of asthma, birth, and mental health, 203 to 482 hospitals (52%-90% of condition-specific discharges) met the power standard and 40 to 44 states met the standard. One hospital and 16 states met the standard for sickle cell disease. No hospital and ≤27 states met the standard for the remaining measures studied (appendectomy, cerebrospinal fluid shunt surgery, gastroenteritis, heart surgery, and seizure).
Most children are admitted to hospitals in which all-condition measures of quality have adequate power to show modest differences in performance from average, but most condition-specific measures do not. Policies regarding incentives for pediatric inpatient quality should take these findings into account.
Copyright © 2015 by the American Academy of Pediatrics.
PEDIATRICS 07/2015; 136(2). DOI:10.1542/peds.2014-3131 · 5.47 Impact Factor
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.