In-vehicle Technologies, Advanced Driver Assistance Systems and Driver Distraction: Research challenges

Source: OAI

ABSTRACT Technological advances in motor vehicles have provided drivers with both increased safety and access to information. Drivers can receive phone calls, be provided with navigational and real time traffic information, and be notified about impending collisions and excessive speed. However, these devices also increase the potential for a driver to be distracted, as each device demands a certain level of the driver’s attention in order to provide a benefit. A growing body of research is currently assessing driver distraction levels in order to determine what impact such devices have on road safety. However, very little research has focused specifically on the combined impact of multiple in-vehicle devices within the driving situation. As a result, this paper provides a review of current research that has examined the effect of in-vehicle technologies and Advanced Driving Assistance Systems (ADAS) on driver distraction, as well as identifying possible directions for future research that will incorporate human distraction within the design.

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    ABSTRACT: Current advanced driver assistance systems (e.g. Emergency Brake Assistance, Lane Departure Warning, Lane Keeping Assistance and Blind Spot Detection) assist the driver in reacting to time-critical and unstable situations in a proper way. However, the anticipation of situations which are lying in the farer future is currently left primarily to the driver. In this paper, we present visualization concepts for concealed objects in order to support smart deceleration. Smart deceleration requires the anticipation of future traffic condition and the assistance of the driver in performing deceleration phases efficiently. In addition, safety is increased by reduction of potential criticality through the early deceleration phase. We have identified and categorized situations in which a broader anticipation is possible: situations with permanent obstacles, situations with temporarily stopped vehicles and situations with slower driving vehicles. An important issue when presenting information to the driver is the identification of the most suitable perspective. For visualizing the traffic situation in the surroundings of the driver’s car we established a virtual bird-eye perspective (VBEP), showing the traffic scene from a 3D viewpoint that is slightly raised above the driver and rigidly tethered to the car. This VBEP is a powerful concept to draw the driver’s attention to situations in the further future. On the basis of this concept we developed different visualizations and integrated them in the digital instrument cluster between the speedometer and the revolution counter.
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    ABSTRACT: Modern vehicle cockpits have begun to incorporate a number of information-rich techno-logies, including systems to enhance and improve driving and navigation performance and also driving-irrelevant information systems. The visually intensive nature of the driving task requires these systems to adopt primarily nonvisual means of information display, and the auditory modality represents an obvious alternative to vision for interacting with in-vehicle technologies (IVTs). Although the literature on auditory displays has grown tremendously in recent decades, to date, few guidelines or recommendations exist to aid in the design of effective auditory displays for IVTs. This chapter provides an overview of the current state of research and practice with auditory displays for IVTs. The role of basic auditory capabilities and limitations as they relate to in-vehicle auditory display design are discussed. Extant systems and prototypes are reviewed, and when possible, design recommendations are made. Finally, research needs and an iterative design process to meet those needs are discussed.
    Reviews of Human Factors and Ergonomics, Edited by Delucia, P, 01/2011: pages 58-99; Sage Publishing/Human Factors and Ergonomics Society.
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