Article

Health behaviour, depression and religiosity in older patients admitted to intermediate care

Department of Physiotherapy, Manchester Metropolitan University, Elizabeth Gaskell Campus, Manchester, UK.
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry (Impact Factor: 3.09). 07/2008; 23(7). DOI: 10.1002/gps.1968
Source: OAI

ABSTRACT Yohannes, A.M. et al. Health behaviour, depression and religiosity in older patients admitted to intermediate care. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 2008, vol. 23, no. 7, 735-740. Published by and copyright John Wiley and Sons. The definitive version of this article is available from http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/117884142/abstract OBJECTIVE: To examine health behaviour, severity of depression, gender differences and religiosity in older patients admitted to intermediate care for further rehabilitation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. PARTICIPANTS: A research physiotherapist interviewed 173 older patients (113 female), 60 and older consecutively admitted to intermediate care for rehabilitation, usually after acute care. MEASUREMENTS: Religiosity was measured using the Duke University Religion Index, depressive and anxiety symptoms using the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale, and severity of depression measured by the Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale. Physical disability was assessed by the Nottingham Extended Activities of Daily Living Scale and quality of life measured by the SF-36 questionnaire. RESULTS: After controlling for other factors using multiple regression, religious attendance was associated with positive general health perception (t = 1.9, p = 0.05), and inversely associated with number of pack years smoked (t = -2.05, p = 0.04) and severity of illness (Charlson Index), [t = -2.05, p = 0.04]. Intrinsic religious activity was associated with older age (t = 3.06, p < 0.003), female gender (t = 2.52, p = 0. 01), living situation (t = -2.17, p < 0.03) and with less severe depression (t = -2.43, p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: In older patients with chronic diseases in intermediate care, religious attendance was associated with positive perceptions of health, less severe illness, and fewer pack years. Intrinsic religious activities were associated with less severe depression and lower likelihood of living alone. Copyright (c) 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

1 Follower
 · 
83 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: U.S. citizens are overwhelmingly opposed to the legalization of polygamous marriage, but specific reasons for this opposition remain unclear. In this study we examined young adults' (n = 814) attitudes toward polygamous marriage as a function of myriad variables. Particular attention was given to the presumed association between attitudes toward same-sex marriage and polygamous marriage. Results indicated that, overall, young adults' attitudes toward polygamous marriage were neutral. Also, attitudes toward same-sex marriage significantly correlated with attitudes toward polygamous marriage. However, not all pro–same-sex marriage participants were pro-polygamous marriage. Moreover, opposition to same-sex marriage, (female) gender, higher levels of authoritarianism, and endorsement of traditional family values conjointly and individually predicted opposition to polygamous marriage. Implications of the findings are discussed, particularly in the context of U.S. discourse over the legalization of same-sex marriage.
    Marriage & Family Review 01/2013; 49(1):51-82. DOI:10.1080/01494929.2012.728556
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: While morale among the elderly has been widely and extensively studied, results are varied and at times conflicting. Hence, the purpose of this study is to explore the factors affecting elderly morale of a select group of Filipinos in a community setting. A 64-item questionnaire was utilized to survey 323 Filipinos aged 60 and above residing in the National Capital Region of the Philippines in May 2013. Respondents completed a robotfoto, a checklist of chronic illnesses, and measures of the social support, functional ability, geriatric depression, and morale. Structural equation modeling was used to test the hypothesized model. Two competing models emerged in the study. Model 1 followed causal relationships indicated in the hypothesized model while model 2 considered modification indices that surfaced more acceptable fit indices (X2/df = 1.414, GFI [goodness of fit index] = 0.988, CFI [comparative fit index] = 0.987, RMSEA [root mean square error of approximation] = 0.036). Chronic illness, social support, and depression were found to be major predictors of morale. Number of chronic illnesses and depression were also found to have a negative relationship with functional ability, and chronic illness and social support were negatively correlated. Findings can assist health professionals such as nurses to identify the factors that shape elderly morale vis-a-vis the use of effective strategies that promote the well-being of elderly people. The emerging model can serve as reference to assess the effectiveness of quality of care rendered as manifested by morale.
    Educational Gerontology 01/2014; 41(6):399-416. DOI:10.1080/03601277.2014.974386 · 0.39 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Journal of Religion Spirituality & Aging 04/2014; 26(2-3):259-278. DOI:10.1080/15528030.2013.867423

Full-text

Download
1 Download
Available from
Mar 18, 2015