Self-medication with antibiotics: questionnaire survey among primary care center attendants.
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and reasons for self-medication with antibiotics within the last 12 months among primary healthcare center attendants aged 18 or over, in Ankara.
A questionnaire was applied by face to face interview technique to 2696 subjects attending at five primary healthcare centers. Information on demographic characteristics, intention to self-medication with antibiotics and self-medication within last 12 months were collected.
It was found that 28% of the subjects were storing antibiotics at home. The percentage of self-administering antibiotics was 19.1% in the last 12 months. The most common reasons for self-administration of antibiotics were sore throat (59.6%), fever (46.2%), and cough (40.0%). Other reasons were dental infection, rheumatism, and fatigue. According to age groups, the most common self-medicating group was those aged 40-49 with 23% while the least self-usage was in the 60-69 age groups with 11.8%. Male sex, being single, educational level of secondary school or higher, being employed and not having social security increased self-administration of antibiotics (p < 0.05).
The study indicated the need for legal regulations regarding the sale of antibiotics without prescription and, health education is required for the community to decrease the inappropriate use of antibiotics and self-medication.
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ABSTRACT: Original Article TRENDS OF SELF MEDICATION IN PATIENTS WITH ACNE VULGARIS Tanzeela Khalid1 , Tariq Iqbal2 1Department of Dermatology, University Medical and Dental College, Faisalabad 2Department of Surgery, Allied Hospital, Faisalabad ABSTRACT Back ground: Self medication is a norm in our country. One factor probably contributing to this phenomenon is over the counter sale of almost all medication without any regulation. In our dermatology practice, we frequently encounter patients with acne vulgaris deteriorated by topical use of self medication. However, there is very little data to support this in our set up. Objective: To determine the percentage of acne patients using self medication in our population. Design: A cross-sectional survey. Patients and methods: One hundred and fifty patients, of any age and either sex, presenting at outpatient dermatology clinics (Madina Teaching Hospital and Faisal Hospital, Faisalabad), from June to September 2009, for the treatment of acne vulgaris were included. An in-person interview using a questionnaire was conducted. They were asked about the use of self medication for their disease. Details of type of medication, its effects on disease and the source of advice were also noted. Objective assessment of acne grade was done by trained dermatology personnel. Data was analyzed using micro software SPSS version 17. Results: Show that 115(77%) patients had used self medication. Potent topical steroids were used by 72(48%) patients. Majority of the patients received the advice about self medication from their friends (31%) or relatives (27%). Temporary improvement was noticed by 47% of those who used self medication. Conclusion: A significantly high percentage of patients (77%) in our population use self medication for acne vulgaris. Keywords: Self medication, acne vulgaris, topical steroidsJUMDC. 01/2010; 1(1):10-13.
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ABSTRACT: agents administered during hospi- talization at a tertiary care acade- mic medical center. The retrospec- tive analysis was conducted over 1 year. A total of 416 allergies were reported among 300 patients; more than 1 allergy was reported by more than one-fourth of study patients (82/300 (27.3%)). Only 36.3% (151/416) of allergies reported were accompanied by a reaction description (95% confi- dence interval (CI), 31.7% to
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ABSTRACT: Objective. Possession of drugs at home in the family pharmacy and self-medication are at risk. Method. Appraisal based upon an analysis of 247 questionnaires completed by patients and 116 questionnaires completed by general practitioners in the French department of Haute Garonne (Southwestern, France). Results. Two hundred and forty-four patients were involved in the study. In 80% of cases, women were in charge of family pharmacy who was located in 66% of cases in a unsecurise room and could be reached by children in 17% of cases. Drugs most frequently found: antiseptics (97%), paracetamol (91%), anti-inflammatory drugs (68%), anti-diarrhea (60%). For the physicians 52 useable questionnaires, 80% of physician were confronted with one of three risks: self-medication, drug autolysis, poisoning in children. Conclusion. Women are the referent of the family pharmacy. The doctors seem best placed to a message of prevention through minimal advice.Thérapie 66(2):131-134. · 0.37 Impact Factor