The Schools of Nursing at Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences and the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) have been collaborating on a twinning partnership to develop an HIV nursing education preservice curriculum. The Tanzania HIV/AIDS Nursing Education (THANE) project was designed to increase the HIV education capacity of Tanzanian nursing schools by strengthening the knowledge and skills of the nurse educators. The THANE project includes three components: (a) development of 12 curriculum modules, (b) training of trainers, and (c) roll-out to all nurse educators in the eight zones of Tanzania and Zanzibar. The evaluation plan focuses on three main areas: (a) HIV knowledge, confidence in teaching, and thoughts about HIV, (b) participant satisfaction with the workshops, and (c) monitoring educators to assess implementation and dissemination of the THANE curriculum into existing curricula. To date, 300 nurse educators have been trained.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Village AIDS committees (VAC) were formed by the Tanzanian government in 2003 to provide HIV education to their communities. However, their potential has not been realised due to their limited knowledge and misconceptions surrounding HIV, which could be addressed through training of VAC members. In an attempt to increase HIV knowledge levels and address common misconceptions amongst the VACs, an HIV curriculum was delivered to members in rural north western Tanzania.
An evaluation of HIV knowledge was conducted prior to and post-delivery of HIV training sessions, within members of three VACs in Kisesa ward. Quantitative surveys were used with several open-ended questions to identify local misconceptions and evaluate HIV knowledge levels. Short educational training sessions covering HIV transmission, prevention and treatment were conducted, with each VAC using quizzes, role-plays and participatory learning and action tools. Post-training surveys occurred up to seven days after the final training session.
Before the training, "good" HIV knowledge was higher amongst men than women (p = 0.041), and among those with previous HIV education (p = 0.002). The trade-centre had a faster turn-over of VAC members, and proximity to the trade-centre was associated with a shorter time on the committee.Training improved HIV knowledge levels with more members achieving a "good" score in the post-training survey compared with the baseline survey (p = < 0.001). The training programme was popular, with 100% of participants requesting further HIV training in the future and 51.7% requesting training at three-monthly intervals.
In this setting, a series of HIV training sessions for VACs demonstrated encouraging results, with increased HIV knowledge levels following short educational sessions. Further work is required to assess the success of VAC members in disseminating this HIV education to their communities, as well as up-scaling this pilot study to other regions in Tanzania with different misconceptions.
BMC International Health and Human Rights 12/2011; 11(1):14. DOI:10.1186/1472-698X-11-14 · 1.44 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: As HIV prevention and treatment efforts expand around the globe, local capacity-building to update and maintain nurses' HIV competence is essential. The purpose of this project was to develop and sustain a national network of nurse-trainers who could provide ongoing HIV continuing education and training experiences to Vietnamese nurses. Over the course of 6 years, 87 nurses received training to become HIV trainers; their HIV knowledge increased significantly (p = .001), as did teaching self-confidence (p = .001 to .007). The 87 nurses subsequently reported training more than 67,000 health care workers. Recipients of train-the-trainer-led workshops demonstrated increased HIV knowledge (p = .001) and increased willingness to provide nursing care for HIV-infected patients (p = .001). The program demonstrated that including a substantial amount of instruction in pedagogical strategies and experiential learning could enhance knowledge transfer, expand education outreach, and contribute to sustainable HIV competence among nurses.
The Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC 10/2013; 25(4). DOI:10.1016/j.jana.2013.07.005 · 1.27 Impact Factor
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