Molecular characterization of dedifferentiated mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the trachea using laser microdissection-based TP53 mutation analysis
Cancer Science Institute of Singapore (CSI), National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore.Histopathology (Impact Factor: 3.3). 10/2009; 55(4):472-5. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2559.2009.03385.x
Journal of Clinical Oncology 01/2013; 31(7). DOI:10.1200/JCO.2012.42.8763 · 17.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Myoepithelial carcinoma displaying exclusively myoepithelial differentiation mainly occurs in the salivary glands and breasts, and is considered extremely rare in the trachea. We present the first documented case of a primary myoepithelial carcinoma in the trachea. The patient was a 23-year-old man who presented with shortness of breath and cough for four months. Bronchoscopy and computed tomographic (CT) scan revealed an intraluminal mass in the trachea. A standard sleeve of trachea resection with end-to-end reconstruction was performed. The tumor was mainly composed of spindle cells and epithelioid cells which exhibited relatively uniform nuclei with finely distributed chromatin and inconspicuous nucleoli, suggesting that it may arise from benign myoepithelioma. Moreover, the tumor displayed marked cytologic atypia and an infiltrative tumor border in some areas, suggesting that it was a malignant tumor. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were diffusely positive for AE1/AE3, Vimentin and myoepithelial makers (Calponin, P63 and GFAP). The patient's postoperative course was uneventful with no evidence of recurrence at six months after surgery.Pathology International 01/2012; 62(1):55-9. DOI:10.1111/j.1440-1827.2011.02746.x · 1.59 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: "Dedifferentiation" and/or high-grade transformation (HGT) has been described in a variety of salivary gland carcinomas, including acinic cell carcinoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma, polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma, myoepithelial carcinoma, low-grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma and hyalinizing clear cell carcinoma, although the phenomenon is a rare event. Recent authors tend to preferably use the term HGT instead of "dedifferentiation" in these cases. HGT-tumors are composed of conventional carcinomas juxtaposed with areas of HG morphology, usually either poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma or "undifferentiated" carcinoma, in which the original line of differentiation is no longer evident. The HG component is generally composed of solid nests, sometimes occurring in cribriform pattern of anaplastic cells with large vesicular pleomorphic nuclei, prominent nucleoli and abundant cytoplasm. Frequent mitoses and extensive necrosis is evident. The Ki-67 labeling index is consistently higher in the HG component. p53 abnormalities have been demonstrated in the transformed component in a few examples, but the frequency varies by the histologic type. HER-2/neu overexpression and/or gene amplification is considerably exceptional. The molecular-genetic mechanisms responsible for the pathway of HGT in salivary gland carcinomas largely still remain to be elucidated. Salivary gland carcinomas with HGT have been shown to be more aggressive than conventional carcinomas with a poorer prognosis, accompanied by higher local recurrence rate and propensity for cervical lymph node metastasis, suggesting the need for wider resection and neck dissection.Head and Neck Pathology 07/2013; 7(Suppl 1). DOI:10.1007/s12105-013-0458-8This article is viewable in ResearchGate's enriched formatRG Format enables you to read in context with side-by-side figures, citations, and feedback from experts in your field.
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