Nasal Tip Complications of Primary Cleft Lip Nasoplasty

Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh Cleft-Craniofacial Center, University of Pittsburgh, 45th St and Penn Ave., Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
The Journal of craniofacial surgery (Impact Factor: 0.68). 09/2009; 20(5):1327-33. DOI: 10.1097/SCS.0b013e3181ae4115
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Complications of primary nasoplasty, at the time of definitive primary cheiloplasty, are underreported in the literature. This study endeavors to examine the occurrences of these complications at our cleft-craniofacial center, in an effort to identify causative factors and management strategies. A case series of patients with postoperative nasal complications after primary cleft lip nasal surgery is presented.
A retrospective chart review of primary cleft lip nasal repairs was conducted at our cleft-craniofacial center between January 2003 and December 2007. Consecutive cases of 3 staff surgeons were evaluated. Specific data points included number and type of complications, subsequent required interventions, and relevant history, with particular attention paid to the details of the primary nasoplasty.
Eighty-six primary cleft lip nasoplasties were completed between the years 2003 and 2007. Six complications (6.9%) related to the primary cleft lip nasoplasty were identified. Four patients (4.6%) experienced nasal tip infections; all 4 required surgical drainage. Twenty-four patients (27.9%) undergoing primary cleft lip and nose repair had postoperative nostril conformers placed, and 2 (8.3%) of them experienced complications deemed conformer related.
Postoperative nasal complications of primary cheiloplasty occur and are likely underreported. In this series, complications resulted from infection, often occurring late, and secondary to the use of nostril conformers. Surgeon awareness and caregiver education, to identify the early signs of postoperative nasal complications, are critical to the successful treatment of these occurrences. Although this study did not intend on examining antibiotic use, the significance of nasal tip infections might support the regular use of antibiotics in this population, and the use of postoperative nostril conformers must be followed closely.

Download full-text


Available from: Matthew Ford, Jun 19, 2015
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To provide a concise review of recent articles on rhinoplasty approaches for cleft nasal deformity and nasal hemangiomas published in 2008-2010. Cleft nasal deformity rhinoplasty approaches have undergone further refinements as well as new development in techniques and surgical principles to minimize recurrent cleft nasal deformities. There is a paucity of studies addressing cleft septal deformity although there appears to be a greater emphasis on functional outcome in cleft rhinoplasty. Complications from primary cleft rhinoplasty and presurgical nasoalveolar molding were also reported. Similarly, nasal hemangioma rhinoplasty approaches have undergone further modifications with open rhinoplasty and subunit approaches gaining wider acceptance. There are several new studies that compare different rhinoplasty techniques to determine which approaches offer superior surgical outcomes; however, there needs to be a greater acceptance of objective measurements when assessing surgical results to identify a uniform surgical protocol and technique for both cleft rhinoplasty and nasal hemangiomas.
    Current opinion in otolaryngology & head and neck surgery 10/2010; 18(6):526-35. DOI:10.1097/MOO.0b013e3283402984 · 1.39 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The repair of unilateral cleft lip nose deformity remains a challenging endeavor for reconstructive surgeons for many reasons, one of which is the timing of rhinoplasty, whether to be synchronous or staged with cleft lip repair and the technique for rhinoplasty. Many authors now favor primary rhinoplasty with the cleft lip repair. Various surgical techniques have been used, most commonly the closed and open rhinoplasty techniques. In this randomized controlled prospective study, we compare the closed rhinoplasty technique with open rhinoplasty during primary unilateral cleft lip repair. Thirty-six patients with unilateral complete cleft lip and nose deformity were selected. Out of this 19 patients were assigned randomly and operated with open rhinoplasty and 17 patients with closed rhinoplasty. The cleft lip repair was done using modified, Millard’s rotation-advancement technique in both the groups. Follow-up assessment was done after 6 months. Quantitative and qualitative analysis were done. Statistical analysis of the data was done using SPSS 11.0. Post-operatively, the alar base width difference between the open and closed rhinoplasty techniques was statistically significant. There was no statistically significant difference in other parameters compared.
    Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery 09/2013; 12(3). DOI:10.1007/s12663-012-0436-9