Detection of novel sequences related to african Swine Fever virus in human serum and sewage.
ABSTRACT The family Asfarviridae contains only a single virus species, African swine fever virus (ASFV). ASFV is a viral agent with significant economic impact due to its devastating effects on populations of domesticated pigs during outbreaks but has not been reported to infect humans. We report here the discovery of novel viral sequences in human serum and sewage which are clearly related to the asfarvirus family but highly divergent from ASFV. Detection of these sequences suggests that greater genetic diversity may exist among asfarviruses than previously thought and raises the possibility that human infection by asfarviruses may occur.
Article: Mimivirus.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Acanthamoeba polyphaga Mimivirus, the first representative and prototype member of the Mimiviridae, is the latest addition to the menagerie of lesser-known big DNA viruses. Due to the size of its particle--a fiber-covered icosahedral protein capsid with a diameter of 0.7 microm--Mimivirus was initially mistaken for an intracellular parasitic bacteria. Its 1.2-Mb genome sequence was then found to encode more than 900 proteins, many of them associated with functions never before encountered in a virus, such as four aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases. The finding of Mimivirus-encoded central components of the protein translation apparatus thought to be the signature of cellular organisms revived the debate about the origin of DNA viruses and their possible role in the emergence of the eukaryotic cell. Despite the many features making it unique in the viral world, Mimivirus is nevertheless phylogenetically close to other large DNA viruses, such as phycodnaviruses and iridoviruses, and most likely share a common ancestry with all nucleocytoplasmic large DNA viruses. Postgenomic studies have now started in various laboratories, slowly shedding some light on the physiology of the largest and most complex virus isolated to date. This chapter summarizes our present knowledge on Mimivirus.Current topics in microbiology and immunology 02/2009; 328:89-121. · 4.93 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: African swine fever (ASF) is widespread in Africa but is rarely introduced to other continents. In June 2007, ASF was confirmed in the Caucasus region of Georgia, and it has since spread to neighboring countries. DNA fragments amplified from the genome of the isolates from domestic pigs in Georgia in 2007 were sequenced and compared with other ASF virus (ASFV) isolates to establish the genotype of the virus. Sequences were obtained from 4 genome regions, including part of the gene B646L that encodes the p72 capsid protein, the complete E183L and CP204L genes, which encode the p54 and p30 proteins and the variable region of the B602L gene. Analysis of these sequences indicated that the Georgia 2007 isolate is closely related to isolates belonging to genotype II, which is circulating in Mozambique, Madagascar, and Zambia. One possibility for the spread of disease to Georgia is that pigs were fed ASFV-contaminated pork brought in on ships and, subsequently, the disease was disseminated throughout the region.Emerging Infectious Diseases 01/2009; 14(12):1870-4. · 6.79 Impact Factor
Article: Mapping and sequence of the gene coding for protein p72, the major capsid protein of African swine fever virus.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The gene encoding protein p72, the major structural protein of African swine fever virus and one of the most immunogenic proteins in natural infection has been mapped and sequenced. The gene was mapped by using oligonucleotide probes deduced from amino acid sequences of tryptic peptides obtained from purified protein p72. This allowed the location of the gene in fragment EcoRI B of African swine fever virus DNA. The nucleotide sequence obtained from this region revealed an open reading frame encoding 646 amino acids corresponding to a protein with a calculated molecular weight of 73,096 Da. This open reading frame contains the coding information for all the sequenced tryptic peptides from protein p72. A search at the National Biomedical Research Foundation Data Bank did not reveal any significant homology with other described proteins.Virology 05/1990; 175(2):477-84. · 3.35 Impact Factor