Computational Investigation of the Oxidative Deboronation of Boroglycine, H2N-CH2-B(OH)(2), Using H2O and H2O2
ABSTRACT We report results from a computational investigation of the oxidative deboronation of boroglycine, H2N-CH2-B(OH)2, using H2O and H2O2 as the reactive oxygen species (ROS) to yield aminomethanol, H2N-CH2-OH; these results complement our study on the protodeboronation of boroglycine to produce methylamine, H2N-CH3 (Larkin et al. J. Phys. Chem. A 2007, 111, 6489-6500). Second-order Møller-Plesset (MP2) perturbation theory with Dunning-Woon correlation-consistent (cc) basis sets were used for the calculations with comparisons made to results from density functional theory (DFT) at the PBE1PBE/6-311++G(d,p)(cc-pVDZ) levels. The effects of a bulk aqueous environment were also incorporated into the calculations employing PCM and CPCM methodology. Using H2O as the ROS, the reaction H2O + H2N-CH2-B(OH)2 --> H2N-CH2-OH + H-B(OH)2 was calculated to be endothermic; the value of DeltaH(298)(0) was +12.0 kcal/mol at the MP2(FC)/cc-pVTZ computational level in vacuo and +13.7 kcal/mol in PCM aqueous media; the corresponding value for the activation barrier, DeltaH(double dagger), was +94.3 kcal/mol relative to the separated reactants in vacuo and +89.9 kcal/mol in PCM aqueous media. In contrast, the reaction H2O2 + H2N-CH2-B(OH)2 --> H2N-CH2-OH + B(OH)3 was calculated to be highly exothermic with an DeltaH(298)(0) value of -100.9 kcal/mol at the MP2(FC)/cc-pVTZ computational level in vacuo and -99.6 kcal/mol in CPCM aqueous media; the highest-energy transition state for the multistep process associated with this reaction involved the rearrangement of H2N-CH2-B(OH)(OOH) to H2N-CH2-O-B(OH)2 with a DeltaH(double dagger) value of +23.2 kcal/mol in vacuo relative to the separated reactants. These computational results for boroglycine are in accord with the experimental observations for the deboronation of the FDA approved anticancer drug bortezomib (Velcade, PS-341), where it was found to be the principle deactivation pathway (Labutti et al. Chem. Res. Toxicol. 2006, 19, 539-546).
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ABSTRACT: The calculation of the analytical second derivative matrix (Hessian) is the bottleneck for vibrational analysis in QM/MM systems when an electrostatic embedding scheme is employed. Even with a small number of QM atoms in the system, the presence of MM atoms increases the computational cost dramatically: the long-range Coulomb interactions require that additional coupled perturbed self-consistent field (CPSCF) equations need to be solved for each MM atom displacement. This paper presents an extension to the Mobile Block Hessian (MBH) formalism for QM/MM calculations with blocks in the MM region and its implementation in a parallel version of the Q-Chem/CHARMM interface. MBH reduces both the CPU time and the memory requirements compared to the standard full Hessian QM/MM analysis, without the need to use a cutoff distance for the electrostatic interactions. Special attention is given to the treatment of link atoms which are usually present when the QM/MM border cuts through a covalent bond. Computational efficiency improvements are highlighted using a reduced chorismate mutase enzyme system, consisting of 24 QM atoms and 306 MM atoms, as a test example. In addition, the drug bortezomib, used for cancer treatment of myeloma, has been studied as a test case with multiple MBH block choices and both a QM and QM/MM description. The accuracy of the calculated Hessians is quantified by imposing Eckart constraints, which allows for the as-sessment of numerical errors in second derivative procedures. The results show that MBH within the QM/MM description not only is a computationally attractive method but also produces accu-rate results.Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation 01/2010; 7(2). DOI:10.1021/ct100473f · 5.31 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A simple three step synthesis was developed to provide six novel modular sensors, consisting of three para sensors, and three meta sensors with naphthalene, anthracene and pyrene fluorophores. The interaction of the six sensors with the saccharides: D-glucose, D-fructose, D-galactose, and D-mannose, were evaluated. All sensors displayed increasing fluorescence intensity upon the addition of these saccharides, with all of the sensors showing enhanced selectivity for D-glucose over D-galactose, D-fructose and D-mannose. High affinity (K(obs)) was also observed for the meta sensors with respect to the para sensors. The naphthalene and anthracene meta sensors showed particularly high affinity (K(obs)) for D-galactose. Circular dichroism spectroscopy was used to probe the structures of the complexes formed. Cyclic complexes were formed between all six sensors and D-glucose. Whilst naphthalene and anthracene meta sensors which displayed high affinity for D-galactose also formed cyclic complexes with that saccharide.New Journal of Chemistry 12/2010; 34(12-12):2922-2931. DOI:10.1039/C0NJ00578A · 3.16 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: o-(N,N-Dialkylaminomethyl)arylboronate systems are an important class of compounds in diol-sensor development. We report results from a computational investigation of fourteen o-(N,N-dialkylaminomethyl)arylboronates using second-order Møller-Plesset (MP2) perturbation theory. Geometry optimizations were performed at the MP2/cc-pVDZ level and followed by single-point calculations at the MP2/aug-cc-pVDZ(cc-pVTZ) levels. These results are compared to those from density functional theory (DFT) at the PBE1PBE(PBE1PBE-D)/6-311++G(d,p)(aug-cc-pVDZ) levels, as well as to experiment. Results from continuum PCM and CPCM solvation models were employed to assess the effects of a bulk aqueous environment. Although the behavior of o-(N,N-dialkylaminomethyl) free acid and ester proved to be complicated, we were able to extract some important trends from our calculations: (1) for the free acids the intramolecular hydrogen-bonded B-O-H···N seven-membered ring conformers 12 and 16 are found to be slightly lower in energy than the dative-bonded N→B five-membered ring conformers 10 and 14 while conformers 13 and 17, with no direct boron-nitrogen interaction, are significantly higher in energy than 12 and 16; (2) for the esters where no intramolecular B-O-H···N bonded form is possible, the N→B conformers 18 and 21 are significantly lower in energy than the no-interaction forms 20 and 23; (3) H(2)O insertion reactions into the N→B structures 10, 14, 18, and 21 leading to the seven-membered intermolecular hydrogen-bonded B···OH(2)···N ring structures 11, 15, 19, and 22 are all energetically favorable.The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 11/2010; 114(47):12531-9. DOI:10.1021/jp1087674 · 2.78 Impact Factor