p53 negatively regulates expression of FoxM1
ABSTRACT The Forkhead box M1 (FoxM1) oncogenic transcription factor is overexpressed in a majority of human tumors. p53 is a transcription factor and a major tumor suppressor that is mutated in 50% of human cancers. In this study, we compared the levels of FoxM1 in normal BJ human fibroblasts, BJ fibroblasts with p53 knockdown and corresponding BJ immortal/oncogenic cell lines with inactivated p53. We found that partial deletion or inactivation of p53 in these cells leads to upregulation of FoxM1 expression. Similarly, p53 knockdown in several human cancer cell lines with wt-p53 led to upregulation of FoxM1 mRNA and protein expression, while induction of p53 by DNA-damage led to downregulation of FoxM1. These data suggest that p53 negatively regulates FoxM1 expression and therefore inactivation of p53 in tumors could partially explain the phenomenon of FoxM1 overexpression in human cancers.
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ABSTRACT: Previous studies have demonstrated the involvement of transcriptional factor forkhead box M1 (FoxM1) in cellular senescence of hepatocellular cancinoma (HCC). In the present study, we revealed that oxaliplatin could induce senescence in HCC cells, since advanced HCC patients with lower expression of FoxM1 were more sensitive to oxaliplatin therapy. Our data indicated that due to the repression by p53, FoxM1 played a critical role in oxaliplatin-induced senescence via regulating cycle-related proteins p21, p27, cyclins B1 and D1. Furthermore, inhibition of FoxM1, combined with oxaliplatin treatment, could significantly promote the senescence of HCC cells. Taken together, our findings suggest that FoxM1 may represent a promising therapeutic target for the medication of the chemosensitivity to oxaliplatin in HCC patients.Cancer letters 12/2012; 331(1). DOI:10.1016/j.canlet.2012.12.008 · 5.02 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Polo-like kinase 1, a pivotal regulator of mitosis and cytokinesis, is highly expressed in a broad spectrum of tumors and its expression correlates often with poor prognosis, suggesting its potential as a therapeutic target. p53, the guardian of the genome, is the most important tumor suppressor. In this review, we address the intertwined relationship of these two key molecules by fighting each other as eternal rivals in many signaling pathways. p53 represses the promoter of Polo-like kinase 1, whereas Polo-like kinase 1 inhibits p53 and its family members p63 and p73 in cancer cells lacking functional p53. Plk1 inhibitors target all rapidly dividing cells irrespective of tumor cells or non-transformed normal but proliferating cells. Upon treatment with Plk1 inhibitors, p53 in tumor cells is activated and induces strong apoptosis, whereas tumor cells with inactive p53 arrest in mitosis with DNA damage. Thus, inactive p53 is not associated with a susceptible cytotoxicity of Polo-like kinase 1 inhibition and could rather foster the induction of polyploidy/aneuploidy in surviving cells. In addition, compared to the mono-treatment, combination of Polo-like kinase 1 inhibition with anti-mitotic or DNA damaging agents boosts more severe mitotic defects, effectually triggers apoptosis and strongly inhibits proliferation of cancer cells with functional p53. In this regard, restoration of p53 in tumor cells with loss or mutation of p53 will reinforce the cytotoxicity of combined Polo-like kinase 1 therapy and provide a proficient strategy for combating relapse and metastasis of cancer.Oncotarget 07/2013; 4(7):958-71. · 6.63 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Irradiation and DNA-damaging chemotherapeutic agents are commonly used in anticancer treatments. Following DNA damage FOXM1 protein levels are often elevated. In this study, we sought to investigate the potential role of FOXM1 in programmed cell death induced by DNA-damage. Human cancer cells after FOXM1 suppression were subjected to doxorubicin or γ-irradiation treatment. Our findings indicate that FOXM1 downregulation by stable or transient knockdown using RNAi or by treatment with proteasome inhibitors that target FOXM1 strongly sensitized human cancer cells of different origin to DNA-damage-induced apoptosis. We showed that FOXM1 suppresses the activation of pro-apoptotic JNK and positively regulates anti-apoptotic Bcl-2, suggesting that JNK activation and Bcl-2 down-regulation could mediate sensitivity to DNA-damaging agent-induced apoptosis after targeting FOXM1. Since FOXM1 is widely expressed in human cancers, our data further support the fact that it is a valid target for combinatorial anticancer therapy.PLoS ONE 02/2012; 7(2):e31761. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0031761 · 3.53 Impact Factor