Level of Knowledge of the Diabetic Patient about the Prevention of Diabetic Foot. Nivel de conocimientos del paciente diabético sobre la prevención del pie diabético.

MediSur 01/2007;
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT Background: The education of the diabetic patient is a fundamental factor for the diabetes mellitus, even in its condition of chronic disease, it will not reach major complications. Objective: To analyze the level of knowledge about the prevention of diabetic food in patients who are carriers of diabetes mellitus. Method: A descriptive study was carried out in 5 family doctor´s offices belonging to the IV area of Cienfuegos Municipality, in a period of time among February and April 2006. The sample was formed by 68 diabetic patients to whom a survey was applied. Results: A high per cent (86.4) of our patients knew about some of the complications related to this disease. At evaluating the level of knowledge, an acceptable average was found. Conclusions: The level of knowledge in the surveyed patients was not enough. The treatment of these patients should also include these kinds of informations considering the complications the patients can suffer from. Fundamento: La educación del paciente diabético es un factor fundamental para que la diabetes mellitus, aún en su condición de enfermedad crónica, no llegue a alcanzar mayores complicaciones. Objetivo: Analizar el nivel de conocimiento sobre la prevención del pie diabético en pacientes portadores de diabetes mellitus. Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo en 5 consultorios del Área V del municipio de Cienfuegos, en el período comprendido entre febrero y abril de 2006. La muestra estuvo conformada por un total de 68 pacientes diabéticos a los cuales se les aplicó una encuesta. Resultados: Un alto porciento (86,4 %) de nuestros pacientes conocía algunas de las complicaciones atribuibles a su enfermedad, aunque al evaluar el nivel de conocimiento predominó el nivel aceptable promedio. Conclusiones: El nivel de conocimiento de los pacientes encuestados no es suficiente. El tratamiento de estos pacientes debe incluir este tipo de informaciones, si se consideran las complicaciones que pueden llegar a sufrir.

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