Article

Ethiologic diagnosis of dementia syndrome. El diagnóstico etiológico del síndrome demencial

MediSur 01/2006;
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT Dementia prevalence is between 4,5 and 18,5%, the inferior numbers are in the underdeveloped countries. Studies carried out in Cuba, shows approximately a 10% for more than 60 year old persons, what makes consider dementia as a health problem of huge importance. That is why the existence of a practical guide for its etiological diagnosis is of supreme necessity. This study engulfs diverse criteria to reach the diagnosis of dementia syndrome, as well as the diseases that may cause it, foretell it or accelerate it. Numbers are presented, and a series of valuations about dementia, the slight cognitive aggravation, Alzheimer disease, vascular dementia, dementia by Lewy bodies, and front temporal dementia, as well as other kinds of dementia. La prevalencia de la demencia, oscila entre 4,5 y 18,5 %; las cifras inferiores, se sitúan en los países subdesarrollados. Estudios desarrollados en Cuba, muestran aproximadamente un 10 % para mayores de 60 años, lo que hace considerar la demencia como un problema de salud de considerable importancia. En tal sentido, la existencia de una guía práctica para el diagnóstico etiológico de la demencia, resulta ser un instrumento de incalculable valor. Este estudio abarca los diversos criterios para llegar al diagnóstico del síndrome demencial, así como de las enfermedades que pueden provocarlo, antecederlo, o acelerarlo. Se plantean cifras, y una serie de valoraciones acerca de la demencia, el deterioro cognitivo ligero, la enfermedad de Alzheimer, la demencia Vascular, la demencia por cuerpos de Lewy y la demencia frontotemporal, así como otros tipos de demencia.

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