Article

Nuclear erythroid 2 p45-related factor 2 inhibits the maturation of murine dendritic cells by ragweed extract.

Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.
American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology (Impact Factor: 4.15). 10/2009; 43(3):276-85. DOI: 10.1165/rcmb.2008-0438OC
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Oxidative stress plays an important role in immune regulation and dendritic cell (DC) maturation. Recent studies indicate that allergens, including ragweed extract (RWE), possess prooxidant activities, but how RWE interacts with DCs is not well understood. Nuclear erythroid 2 p45-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a key transcription factor that regulates constitutive and coordinated induction of a battery of antioxidant genes. We hypothesized that RWE would activate DCs and that this response would be augmented in the absence of Nrf2. We generated bone marrow-derived DCs (BM-DCs) and isolated lung DCs from Nrf2(+/+) and Nrf2(-/-) mice and studied the effects of RWE on DCs in vitro. Under resting conditions, Nrf2(-/-) BM-DCs exhibited constitutively greater levels of inflammatory cytokines and costimulatory molecules than Nrf2(+/+) BM-DCs. Exposure to RWE impaired endocytic activity, significantly induced oxidative stress, and enhanced the expression of CD80, CD86, and MHCII in Nrf2(-/-) BM-DCs when compared with Nrf2(+/+) BM-DC, in association with reduced expression of Nrf2-regulated antioxidant genes. RWE significantly induced the secretion of inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TNF-alpha in BM-DCs and lung DCs from Nrf2(-/-) mice than Nrf2(+/+) mice and significantly inhibited the secretion of IL-12 in Nrf2(+/+) BM-DCs and IL-18 in Nrf2(+/+) and Nrf2(-/-) BM-DCs. The stimulatory effects of RWE on DC activation were inhibited to varying degrees by the antioxidant N-acetyl cysteine. Our findings indicate that a defect in Nrf2-mediated signaling mechanisms alters the response of DCs to a common environmental allergen, which may contribute to the susceptibility to allergic diseases.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
144 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: L’asthme est une maladie chronique des voies aériennes qui s’accompagne de modifications importantes des cellules de structure du poumon. Ainsi, on observe, chez les patients atteints d’asthme, des altérations de l’intégrité de la barrière épithéliale ainsi que l’augmentation du nombre de cellules productrices de mucus au sein de l’épithélium. Pendant très longtemps, ces changements ont été considérés comme le résultat final de la réaction inflammatoire pulmonaire, une sorte de cicatrisation en réponse à une inflammation chronique. Cependant, ces dernières années, il a été montré que les cellules de structure pulmonaires joueraient un rôle prédominant dans la cascade allergique. Cette revue discutera du rôle de l’épithélium pulmonaire, considéré comme un régulateur crucial de la réponse immunitaire inflammatoire développée contre les allergènes, les virus et les polluants.
    Revue Française d Allergologie 10/2012; 52(6):457-461. · 0.22 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Dendritic cells (DCs) are key regulators of both immunity and tolerance by controlling activation and polarization of effector T helper cell and regulatory T cell responses. Therefore, there is a major focus on developing approaches to manipulate DC function for immunotherapy. It is well known that changes in cellular activation are coupled to profound changes in cellular metabolism. Over the past decade there is a growing appreciation that these metabolic changes also underlie the capacity of immune cells to perform particular functions. This has led to the concept that the manipulation of cellular metabolism can be used to shape innate and adaptive immune responses. While most of our understanding in this area has been gained from studies with T cells and macrophages, evidence is emerging that the activation and function of DCs are also dictated by the type of metabolism these cells commit to. We here discuss these new insights and explore whether targeting of metabolic pathways in DCs could hold promise as a novel approach to manipulate the functional properties of DCs for clinical purposes.
    Frontiers in Immunology 01/2014; 5:203.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress in allergic asthma may result from oxidase activity or proinflammatory molecules in pollens. Signaling via TLR4 and its adaptor Toll-IL-1R domain-containing adapter inducing IFN-β (TRIF) has been implicated in reactive oxygen species-mediated acute lung injury and in Th2 immune responses. We investigated the contributions of oxidative stress and TLR4/TRIF signaling to experimental asthma induced by birch pollen exposure exclusively via the airways. Mice were exposed to native or heat-inactivated white birch pollen extract (BPEx) intratracheally and injected with the antioxidants, N-acetyl-l-cysteine or dimethylthiourea, prior to sensitization, challenge, or all allergen exposures, to assess the role of oxidative stress and pollen-intrinsic NADPH oxidase activity in allergic sensitization, inflammation, and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR). Additionally, TLR4 signaling was antagonized concomitantly with allergen exposure, or the development of allergic airway disease was evaluated in TLR4 or TRIF knockout mice. N-acetyl-l-cysteine inhibited BPEx-induced eosinophilic airway inflammation and AHR except when given exclusively during sensitization, whereas dimethylthiourea was inhibitory even when administered with the sensitization alone. Heat inactivation of BPEx had no effect on the development of allergic airway disease. Oxidative stress-mediated AHR was also TLR4 and TRIF independent; however, TLR4 deficiency decreased, whereas TRIF deficiency increased BPEx-induced airway inflammation. In conclusion, oxidative stress plays a significant role in allergic sensitization to pollen via the airway mucosa, but the pollen-intrinsic NADPH oxidase activity and TLR4 or TRIF signaling are unnecessary for the induction of allergic airway disease and AHR. Pollen extract does, however, activate TLR4, thereby enhancing airway inflammation, which is restrained by the TRIF-dependent pathway.
    The Journal of Immunology 06/2013; · 5.36 Impact Factor