Insertional chromatin immunoprecipitation: a method for isolating specific genomic regions.

Department of Pathology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA.
Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering (Impact Factor: 1.79). 11/2009; 108(5):446-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiosc.2009.05.005
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We established a novel method, insertional chromatin immunoprecipitation (iChIP), for isolation of specific genomic regions. In iChIP, specific genomic domains are immunoprecipitated with antibody against a tag, which is fused to the DNA-binding domain of an exogenous DNA-binding protein, whose recognition sequence is inserted into the genomic domains of interest. The iChIP method will be a useful tool for dissecting chromatin structure of genomic region of interest.

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    ABSTRACT: Background Comprehensive understanding of mechanisms of genome functions requires identification of molecules interacting with genomic regions of interest in vivo. We previously developed the insertional chromatin immunoprecipitation (iChIP) technology to isolate specific genomic regions retaining molecular interactions and identify their associated molecules. iChIP consists of locus-tagging and affinity purification. The recognition sequences of an exogenous DNA-binding protein such as LexA are inserted into a genomic region of interest in the cell to be analyzed. The exogenous DNA-binding protein fused with a tag(s) is expressed in the cell and the target genomic region is purified with antibody against the tag(s). In this study, we developed the iChIP system using recombinant DNA-binding proteins to make iChIP more straightforward than the conventional iChIP system using expression of the exogenous DNA-binding proteins in the cells to be analyzed. Results In this system, recombinant 3xFNLDD-D (r3xFNLDD-D) consisting of the 3xFLAG-tag, a nuclear localization signal (NLS), the DNA-binding domain plus the dimerization domain of the LexA protein, and the Dock-tag is used for isolation of specific genomic regions. r3xFNLDD-D was expressed using a silkworm-baculovirus expression system and purified by affinity purification. iChIP using r3xFNLDD-D could efficiently isolate the single-copy chicken Pax5 (cPax5) locus, in which LexA binding elements were inserted, with negligible contamination of other genomic regions. In addition, we could detect RNA associated with the cPax5 locus using this form of the iChIP system combined with RT-PCR. Conclusions The iChIP system using r3xFNLDD-D can isolate specific genomic regions retaining molecular interactions without expression of the exogenous DNA-binding protein in the cell to be analyzed. iChIP using r3xFNLDD-D would be more straightforward and useful for analysis of specific genomic regions to elucidate their functions as compared to the previously published iChIP protocol. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/s12867-014-0026-0) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
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May 27, 2014