Article

Randomized Trial of Brief Motivational Treatments for Pathological Gamblers: More Is Not Necessarily Better

Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology (Impact Factor: 4.85). 10/2009; 77(5):950-60. DOI: 10.1037/a0016318
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The efficacy of brief treatments for media-recruited pathological gamblers was tested in a randomized clinical trial design (N = 314). Two self-directed motivational interventions were compared with a 6-week waiting list control and a workbook only control. Brief motivational treatment involved a telephone motivational interview and a mailed self-help workbook. Brief motivational booster treatment involved a telephone motivational interview, a workbook, and 6 booster telephone calls over a 9-month period. Primary outcomes were gambling frequency and dollar losses. As hypothesized, brief and brief booster treatment participants reported less gambling at 6 weeks than those assigned to the control groups. Brief and brief booster treatment participants gambled significantly less often over the first 6 months of the follow-up than workbook only participants. However, the workbook only participants were as likely to have significantly reduced their losses over the year and to have not met criteria for pathological gambling. Contrary to the hypothesis, participants in the brief booster treatment group showed no greater improvement than brief treatment participants. These results provide further support for the value of brief motivational treatments for pathological gambling.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
80 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: College students have been shown to be at higher risk than the general adult population for gambling-related problems. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of a personalized feedback only intervention (PFB) among at-risk college student gamblers. Method: Three hundred thirty-three college students who met screening criteria were randomized into 1 of 3 conditions: PFB, education only (EDU), or assessment only (AO). Results: At 3-month follow-up, individuals in the PFB condition reported fewer dollars gambled and fewer gambling-related problems than those in the AO condition. There were no differences between those in the EDU and the AO conditions, or between those in the PFB and the EDU conditions. Conclusion: These findings are consistent with clinical trials examining other health behaviors, and have implications for the development and delivery of effective intervention programming for at-risk gamblers.
    Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 02/2015; DOI:10.1037/a0038843 · 4.85 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The Statewide Gambling Therapy Service (SGTS) specialises in providing treatment for clients with gambling disorders and other co-related mental health conditions. During the period 2008–2009, approximately 1000 clients with gambling disorders diagnosed using the Victorian Gambling Screen (VGS) sought treatment through SGTS. Of these clients, 53 were admitted to an inpatient treatment program offered by the service. This paper reports initial clinical assessments and treatment outcomes from this inpatient program. A key consideration for inclusion in the inpatient treatment program was the complexity of client clinical diagnoses. Treatment involved cognitive behavioural therapy and graded exposure therapy with client progress in treatment being assessed using a range of standard clinical measures. Results include predicted values across a 12-month period (using the Victorian Gambling Screen, Kessler 10, and Work and Social Adjustment Scale) and indicate that scores across all measures might be expected to improve rapidly in the first 6 months post-treatment before slowing and levelling around 6–12 months. These findings suggest that the intensive inpatient gambling treatment program described here is a viable treatment option for participants presenting with a diagnosed gambling disorder and other co-occurring and complex mental health conditions.
    International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction 06/2013; 12(3):367-379. DOI:10.1007/s11469-013-9462-1 · 0.95 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Motivational interviewing is a client-centered therapeutic intervention that aims to resolve ambivalence toward change. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis on the efficacy of motivational interviewing, compared to non-motivational interviewing controls, in the treatment of disordered gambling. Electronic databases were searched for randomized controlled trials that evaluated change in gambling behavior using motivational interviewing in adult disordered gamblers. The primary outcomes were the weighted mean difference (WMD) for change in average days gambled per month and average dollars lost per month. The search strategy yielded 447 articles, of which 20 met criteria for full text review. Overall, 8 studies (N=730) fulfilled the inclusion criteria for systematic review and 5 (N=477) were included in the meta-analysis. Motivational interviewing was associated with significant reduction in gambling frequency up to a year after treatment delivery. For gambling expenditure, motivational interviewing yielded significant reductions in dollars spent gambling compared to non-motivational controls at post-treatment only (1-3 months). Overall, the results of this review suggest that motivational interviewing is an efficacious style of therapy for disordered gambling in the short term. Whether treatment effects are maintained over time remains unclear. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Addictive Behaviors 12/2014; 43C:72-82. DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.12.011 · 2.44 Impact Factor