Difficulties in diagnosis of laryngeal cysts in children.
ABSTRACT In larynx cysts may be localized in different regions: glottis, laryngeal pouch, epiglottis, aryepiglottic folds and subglottic area. It is difficult to estimate if the cyst is acquired or congenital. Symptoms of laryngeal cyst depend on the size and localization of the cyst and include: change in the tone of voice, dysphonia, hoarseness, dysphagia, laryngeal stridor and dyspnoea. Cysts of the larynx in infants are rare but the treatment is easy once the diagnosis is made. If mismanaged, the resulting respiratory obstruction can lead to serious complications.
Analysis of cases of laryngeal cyst in children treated in the Department of Paediatric ENT Medical University of Warsaw.
A retrospective analysis of 10 cases of laryngeal cyst in children treated in the Department of Paediatric ENT in Warsaw between 2000 and 2008 was made.
The authors analyzed indications to directoscopy, endoscopic presentation, problems with establishing the right diagnosis and management.
Using a direct laryngoscopy as a golden standard in children with stridor will reduce a number of false diagnosis.
- Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española 04/2012;
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ABSTRACT: From the endoscopists' point of view, although the main focus of upper gastrointestinal endoscopic examination is the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum (usually bulb and 2nd portion including ampulla of Vater), the portions of the upper airway may also be observed during insertion and withdrawal of the endoscope, such as pharynx and larynx. Thus, a variety of pathologic lesions of the upper airway can be encountered during upper endoscopy. Among these lesions, an epiglottic cyst is relatively uncommon. The cyst has no malignant potential and mostly remains asymptomatic in adults. However, if large enough, epiglottic cysts can compromise the airway and can be potentially life-threatening when an emergency endotracheal intubation is needed. Thus, patients may benefit from early detection and treatment of these relatively asymptomatic lesions. In this report, we present a case of epiglottic cyst in an asymptomatic adult incidentally found by family physician during screening endoscopy, which was successfully removed without complication, using a laryngoscopic carbon dioxide laser.Korean Journal of Family Medicine 05/2014; 35(3):160-6.
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ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: To expose the rarity of the phenomena of congenital laryngeal cysts. Additionally, a discussion is presented in support of the basic similarities between laryngeal duplication cyst and bronchogenic cyst and a proposal to use the term 'bronchogenic cyst' (appended by the location) is put forth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three cases of cysts of the larynx, two in the neonate and one, in a child were discovered in the pediatric age group from the archives of the Department of Pathology, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore. OBSERVATIONS: Laryngeal duplication cyst/bronchogenic cyst in a 6-day-old male infant was lined by predominantly respiratory with focal squamous epithelium. The wall contained fibromuscular bundles within a myxoid stroma studded with seromucinous glands. The fibromuscular bundles were positive for smooth muscle actin (SMA) and negative with desmin. A 3-year-old male child diagnosed of laryngocele had the cyst lined by respiratory epithelium and the wall densely infiltrated with lymphoid cells. A 20-day-old male neonate with laryngomalacia had a small arytenoid cyst lined by squamous epithelium. CONCLUSION: On morphological grounds, a laryngeal duplication cyst may be called a bronchogenic cyst and published reports do not deny that both these entities are cognate. Hence, pathologists should enjoy the freedom to write 'bronchogenic cyst' as the final impression if the histological features should so indicate. Otolaryngologtists however might term the congenital cyst as Type 1, 2a or 2b (according to Forte's classification) taking into account the laryngoscopic, radiologic, intraoperative and pathological findings.International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology 05/2013; · 0.85 Impact Factor