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Found in Translation: Understanding Impulsivity and Related Constructs Through Integrative Preclinical and Clinical Research

Departments of Psychiatry and the Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06519, USA.
Biological psychiatry (Impact Factor: 9.47). 10/2009; 66(8):714-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2009.08.004
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    • "Depressive mood was assessed at baseline using the self-rated Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II; Beck et al., 1996) and the Montgomery– Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS; Montgomery and Asberg, 1979), which is a widely used observer-rated depression scale. We assessed traitimpulsivity because of the hypothesized association between impulsivity and compulsive behaviors (Belin et al., 2008; Everitt and Robbins, 2005; Potenza and Taylor, 2009). Impulsivity was measured using the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11; Patton et al., 1995), which is the most widely used self-report measure of impulsive personality traits (see Table 1 for details). "
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    • "It has been estimated that $20% of cocaine users develop dependence (Wagner and Anthony, 2002). Impulsive individuals, i.e. people who tend to show behaviour that is premature, poorly planned and often inappropriate for the context (Moeller et al., 2001a), seem to be particularly vulnerable to making the transition from recreational to compulsive cocaine use (Verdejo-Garcia et al., 2008; Potenza and Taylor, 2009). Impulsivity, as assessed by self-report, has been shown to further increase with chronic cocaine exposure (Ersche et al., 2010). "
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    Brain 07/2011; 134(Pt 7):2013-24. DOI:10.1093/brain/awr138 · 10.23 Impact Factor
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    • "Public health interventions like those that appear effective in reducing youth smoking (e.g., increased taxation of cigarettes) warrant consideration for foods associated with obesity (Brownell et al., 2009). It is likely that only through multiple interdisciplinary approaches will we be able to effectively target the public health concerns of obesity and drug addictions, ones that currently are estimated to cost US society hundreds of billions of dollars annually and impart significant personal and familial suffering (Surgeon General, 2001; Uhl and Grow, 2004; Potenza and Taylor, 2009). "
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