Synthesis and characterization of several carbamoyl- and methylcarbamoyl-substituted EMPO derivatives.

Molecular Pharmacology and Toxicology Unit, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, A-1210 Vienna, Austria.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry (Impact Factor: 2.82). 09/2009; 17(21):7572-84. DOI: 10.1016/j.bmc.2009.09.006
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The spin trapping behavior of four novel carbamoyl-substituted EMPO derivatives, namely 5-carbamoyl-3,5-dimethyl-pyrroline N-oxide (CADMPO), 3,5-dimethyl-5-methylcarbamoyl-pyrroline N-oxide (DMMCAPO), 5-carbamoyl-3-ethyl-5-methyl-pyrroline N-oxide (CAEMPO), and 3-ethyl-5-methyl-5-methylcarbamoyl-pyrroline N-oxide (EMMCAPO), towards different oxygen- and carbon-centered radicals is described, the half lives of the respective superoxide adducts ranging from about 10 to 20 min. The most characteristic adducts were, however, formed from methyl, hydroxymethyl, hydroxyethyl, and carbon dioxide anion radicals.

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    ABSTRACT: The cis/trans diastereoisomeric composition of hydroxyl radical adducts to chiral cyclic nitrones can be used to approach mechanisms of free radical formation in biological systems. Such determination is greatly simplified when both diastereoisomers have ESR spectra with at least two non-overlapping lines. To achieve this prerequisite, a series of DEPMPO-derived spin traps bearing one unsubstituted or alkyl-substituted 2-oxo-1,3,2-dioxaphosphorinane ring were synthesized and their structures were confirmed by X-ray diffraction, (1)H, (13)C and (31)P NMR. These CyDEPMPOs nitrones showed variable lipophilicities and LD(50) values on murine fibroblasts compatible with a safe use in biological spin trapping. All CyDEPMPOs formed persistent spin adducts with a series of free radicals, including superoxide and hydroxyl (i.e., CyDEPMPOs-OH) and the in vitro half-life times of these two latter were at least as extended as those of parent DEPMPO. Using four methods of CyDEPMPOs-OH formation, the cis-CyDEPMPOs-OH percentage was found significantly varied with substitution on the P-containing ring and, more interestingly, with the generating system.
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