A comparison of World Health Organization tumor grades at recurrence in patients with non-skull base and skull base meningiomas.
ABSTRACT Despite a favorable outcome for most patients with WHO Grade I meningiomas, a subset of these patients will have recurrent or progressive disease that advances to a higher grade and requires increasingly aggressive therapy. The goal of this study was to identify clinical characteristics associated with the recurrence of benign meningiomas and their acceleration to atypical and malignant histological types.
Records of 216 patients with WHO Grade I, II, or III meningioma that were initially treated between 1965 and 2001 were retrospectively reviewed. Median follow-up was 7.2 years.
Patients with non-skull base cranial meningiomas (82 of 105 [78%]) were more likely to have undergone a gross-total resection than patients with skull base meningiomas (32 of 78 [41%]; p < 0.001). Consequently, patients with Grade I non-skull base cranial meningiomas had better 5-year recurrence-free survival (69%) than patients with Grade I skull base meningiomas (56%) or Grade II or III tumors at any site (50%; p = 0.005). Unexpectedly, patients with non-skull base tumors who experienced a recurrence (8 of 22 [36%]) were more likely than patients with skull base tumors (1 of 19 [5%]) to have a higher grade tumor at recurrence (p = 0.024). Furthermore, the median MIB-1 labeling index of Grade I non-skull base cranial meningiomas (2.60%) was significantly higher than that of Grade I skull base tumors (1.35%; p = 0.016).
Cranial meningiomas that occur outside of the skull base are more likely to have a higher MIB-1 labeling index and recur with a higher grade than those within the skull base, suggesting that non-skull base cranial tumors may have a more aggressive biology than skull base tumors.
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ABSTRACT: Optimal vascular control during neurosurgical resection of large sub-frontal meningioma is hindered by limited early access to the ethmoidal arteries. Pre-operative ligation of the ethmoidal arteries 1) induces tumor necrosis simplifying resection and 2) minimizes blood loss and operative time. Early arterial ligation is an advantage of endoscopic approaches to transnasal resection of anterior skull base meningiomas that is not appreciated in open approaches with larger meningioma. Here we present a case of a colossal meningioma where minimally invasive pre-operative ligation of ethmoidal arteries prior to a traditional open surgical approach allowed for improved vascular control and decreased surgical time.American journal of otolaryngology 01/2014; · 0.77 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Object Meningiomas treated by subtotal or partial resection are associated with significantly shorter recurrence-free survival than those treated by gross-total resection. The Simpson grading system classifies incomplete resections into a single category, namely Simpson Grade IV, with wide variations in the volume and location of residual tumors, making it complicated to evaluate the achievement of surgical goals and predict the prognosis of these tumors. Authors of the present study investigated the factors related to necessity of retreatment and tried to identify any surgical nuances achievable with the aid of modern neurosurgical techniques for meningiomas treated using Simpson Grade IV resection. Methods This retrospective analysis included patients with WHO Grade I meningiomas treated using Simpson Grade IV resection as the initial therapy at the University of Tokyo Hospital between January 1995 and April 2010. Retreatment was defined as reresection or stereotactic radiosurgery due to postoperative tumor growth. Results A total of 38 patients were included in this study. Regrowth of residual tumor was observed in 22 patients with a mean follow-up period of 6.1 years. Retreatment was performed for 20 of these 22 tumors with regrowth. Risk factors related to significantly shorter retreatment-free survival were age younger than 50 years (p = 0.006), postresection tumor volume of 4 cm(3) or more (p = 0.016), no dural detachment (p = 0.001), and skull base location (p = 0.016). Multivariate analysis revealed that no dural detachment (hazard ratio [HR] 6.42, 95% CI 1.41-45.0; p = 0.02) and skull base location (HR 11.6, 95% CI 2.18-218; p = 0.002) were independent risk factors for the necessity of early retreatment, whereas postresection tumor volume of 4 cm(3) or more was not a statistically significant risk factor. Conclusions Compared with Simpson Grade I, II, and III resections, Simpson Grade IV resection includes highly heterogeneous tumors in terms of resection rate and location of the residual mass. Despite the difficulty in analyzing such diverse data, these results draw attention to the favorable effect of dural detachment (instead of maximizing the resection rate) on long-term tumor control. Surgical strategy with an emphasis on detaching the tumor from the affected dura might be another important option in resection of high-risk meningiomas not amenable to gross-total resection.Journal of Neurosurgery 09/2013; · 3.15 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Microsurgical resection is the primary treatment of skull base meningiomas. Maximal resection provides the best tumor control rates but can be associated with high surgical morbidity. To understand the relation between extent of resection (EOR) and functional outcome we have analyzed the neurological improvement and recurrence rate in a large consecutive series of skull base meningioma patients. In addition, we defined anatomical and biological factors predictive for recurrence and overall outcome. We investigated 226 skull base meningioma patients receiving tumor resection in our institution. The most frequent location was the medial sphenoid ridge (29.6 %). EOR was rated according to the Simpson scale. Overall performance was measured by the Karnofsky performance score (KPS); neurological deficits were quantified using the Medical Research Council Neurological Severity Score (MRC-NPS). Complete resection was achieved in 62.8 % and the EOR was significantly correlated to tumor location. The morbidity and mortality rate was 32.1 and 2.7 % respectively, new permanent neurological deficits occurred in 3.5 % of all patients. From all patients with focal neurological deficits, 60.1 % experienced significant improvement. Both the MRC-NPS and the KPS significantly improved from the preoperative status to discharge, however the improvement rate was dependent on the tumor location. Recurrence rate was 15.5 %; tumor size, bone- and venous sinus infiltration, WHO grade, poor EOR but not MIB-1 labeling index were independent factors predictive for recurrence. Microsurgical resection of skull base meningiomas improves neurological impairment in the majority of patients. Specific risk factors for recurrence require consideration for postoperative management.Journal of Neuro-Oncology 11/2013; · 3.12 Impact Factor