Religious advisors' role in mental health care in the European Study of the Epidemiology of Mental Disorders survey.
ABSTRACT To study the role of religious advisors in mental health problems in six European countries and to compare it to data from the USA.
Data were derived from the European Study of the Epidemiology of Mental Disorders (ESEMeD) study, a cross-sectional study, conducted in Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and Spain. 21,425 individuals, 18 and older, were interviewed with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview 3.0. Findings were compared to the National Comorbidity Survey (NCS) and replication of the NCS (NCS-R) in the US.
In ESEMeD, 0.6% of individuals (0.3% exclusively) sought help from religious advisors concerning mental health problems during the previous year, compared to 2.6% in NCS and 3.4% (for human services) in NCS-R in the US. Among those using any form of service, 6.9% consulted religious advisors (12.2% in Germany to 2.1% in Spain) compared to 18.8% in the US. Being younger (less than 25 years old), being older (more than 64) and religiosity are associated with the use of religious advisors, whereas being a student is associated with a lower probability.
Seeking help from religious advisors for mental health problems varies dramatically among ESEMeD countries. Except for Germany, organised religion in the ESEMeD countries could not be considered as an alternative.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Xavier Briffault, Dec 16, 2014
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ABSTRACT: We study the performance and behavior of surfactant–polymer (SP or micellar–polymer, MP) flooding enhanced oil recovery (EOR) using an analytical chemical flood predictive model (CFPM). The research has two parts based on the deterministic and the stochastic nature of the problem.In a deterministic study, the SP flood performance (ultimate recovery efficiency and oil-rate vs. time) of TORIS reservoir database (the Tertiary Oil Recovery Information System) was predicted using the modified CFPM. Results helped to determine the best candidates for SP flooding based on each reservoir's rock and fluid properties. From there we can determine the effect of different parameters (reservoir rock and fluid properties, injection design variables) on ultimate recovery efficiency and peak oil rate of an SP flood, which gives good clues about the sensitivity of output results to different input parameters.Stochastic study helps to recognize the behavior of the model under uncertain inputs. We used a variance-based sensitivity analysis (SA) method known as Winding Stairs (WS), which needs much fewer runs than traditional Monte-Carlo (MC) and Latin Hypercube methods. The results of the SA method facilitate identifying the most important sources of uncertainty of SP floods either through direct influences or interactions with other parameters. Based on these results we can reduce the uncertainty of output results of SP flood significantly by reducing the uncertainty of the input parameters that cause the largest uncertainty.Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering 10/2011; 79(1):25-36. DOI:10.1016/j.petrol.2011.07.016 · 1.10 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE Information is limited concerning the role of religious and spiritual advisors in providing help to people with mental illnesses in Singapore. This study examined that role, as well as the satisfaction with and the perceived effectiveness of the services provided, among people with mental health problems. METHODS Data were collected as part of a nationally representative household survey of residents 18 years and older in Singapore. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview, version 3.0, was used to diagnose mental illness as well as to collect information about the mental health services respondents had sought. RESULTS A total of 6,616 respondents completed the survey; in the overall sample, 1.5% reported seeking help from religious or spiritual advisors. This rate increased to 6.6% among those with at least one mental illness, with the prevalence being higher among respondents with lifetime dysthymia, generalized anxiety disorder, or bipolar disorder. Sociodemographic correlates associated with a lower likelihood of consultation with a religious or spiritual advisor included reporting "other" race-ethnicity as well as faith in Buddhism, Hinduism, or Islam. Most respondents who sought help from a religious or spiritual advisor in the last 12 months were satisfied with the help they received, and about half reported it to be very useful. CONCLUSIONS Religious and spiritual advisors are an important source of help for people with mental illness, and a majority of respondents with a mental illness were satisfied with the support they received from these sources.Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.) 08/2013; 64(11). DOI:10.1176/appi.ps.201200533 · 1.99 Impact Factor