Article

TRPC1 Channels Are Critical for Hypertrophic Signaling in the Heart

Department of Medicine, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA.
Circulation Research (Impact Factor: 11.09). 09/2009; 105(10):1023-30. DOI: 10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.109.206581
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Cardiac muscle adapts to increase workload by altering cardiomyocyte size and function resulting in cardiac hypertrophy. G protein-coupled receptor signaling is known to govern the hypertrophic response through the regulation of ion channel activity and downstream signaling in failing cardiomyocytes.
Transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) channels are G protein-coupled receptor operated channels previously implicated in cardiac hypertrophy. Our objective of this study is to better understand how TRPC channels influence cardiomyocyte calcium signaling.
Here, we used whole cell patch clamp of adult cardiomyocytes to show upregulation of a nonselective cation current reminiscent of TRPC channels subjected to pressure overload. This TRPC current corresponds to the increased TRPC channel expression noted in hearts of mice subjected to pressure overload. Importantly, we show that mice lacking TRPC1 channels are missing this putative TRPC current. Moreover, Trpc1(-)(/)(-) mice fail to manifest evidence of maladaptive cardiac hypertrophy and maintain preserved cardiac function when subjected to hemodynamic stress and neurohormonal excess. In addition, we provide a mechanistic basis for the protection conferred to Trpc1(-)(/)(-) mice as mechanosensitive signaling through calcineurin/NFAT, mTOR and Akt is altered in Trpc1(-)(/)(-) mice.
From these studies, we suggest that TRPC1 channels are critical for the adaptation to biomechanical stress and TRPC dysregulation leads to maladaptive cardiac hypertrophy and failure.

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