Determination of asperosaponin VI in rat plasma by HPLC-ESI-MS and its application to preliminary pharmacokinetic studies.
ABSTRACT Asperosaponin VI (also named akebia saponin D) is a typical bioactive triterpenoid saponin isolated from the rhizome of Dipsacus asper Wall (Dipsacaceae). In this work, a sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS) assay has been established for determination of asperosaponin VI in rat plasma. With losartan as the internal standard (IS), plasma samples were prepared by protein precipitation with methanol. Chromatographic separation was performed on a C(18) column with a mobile phase of 10 mm ammonium acetate buffer containing 0.05% formic acid-methanol (32 : 68, v/v). The analysis was performed on an ESI in the selected ion monitoring mode using target ions at m/z 951.4 for asperosaponin VI and m/z 423.2 for the IS. The calibration curve was linear over the range 3-1000 ng/mL and the lower limit of quantification was 3.0 ng/mL. The intra- and inter-assay variability values were less than 9.5 and 7.8%, respectively. The accuracies determined at the concentrations of 3.0, 100.0, 300.0 and 1000 ng/mL for asperosaponin VI were within +/-15.0%. The validated method was successfully applied to a pharmacokinetic study in rats after oral administration of asperosaponin VI.
Article: Response surface methodology to optimize enzymatic preparation of deapio-platycodin d and platycodin d from radix platycodi.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In the present work, we reported the enzymatic preparation of deapio-platycodin D (dPD) and platycodin D (PD) optimized by response surface methodology (RSM) from Radix Platycodi. During investigation of the hydrolysis of crude platycosides by various glycoside hydrolases, snailase showed a strong ability to transform deapio-platycoside E (dPE) and platycoside E (PE) into dPD and PD with 100% conversion. RSM was used to optimize the effects of the reaction temperature (35-45 °C), enzyme load (5-20%), and reaction time (4-24 h) on the conversion process. Validation of the RSM model was verified by the good agreement between the experimental and the predicted values of dPD and PD conversion yield. The optimum preparation conditions were as follows: temperature, 43 °C; enzyme load, 15%; reaction time, 22 h. The biotransformation pathways were dPE→dPD3→dPD and PE→PD3→PD, respectively. The determined method may be highly applicable for the enzymatic preparation of dPD and PD for medicinal purposes and also for commercial use.International Journal of Molecular Sciences 01/2012; 13(4):4089-100. · 2.60 Impact Factor