Mandibular fractures associated with endosteal implants.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 10/2009; 13(4):231-8. DOI: 10.1007/s10006-009-0171-7
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study is to report four cases of mandibular fractures associated with endosteal implants and to discuss prevention and treatment of these types of fractures.
To evaluate whether the patient's anatomy allows insertion of implants, radiological exams that demonstrate the height and the labial-lingual width are needed. To reduce the potential fracture problem, the mandible can be restrengthened with bone grafting techniques. The treatment of a fracture in an atrophic mandible is always a challenge because of the diminished central blood supply, the depressed vitality of the bone, and the dependence on the periosteal blood supply. The basic principles in fracture treatment are reduction and immobilization of the fractured site for restoration of form and function.
If implants are placed in severe atrophic mandible, iatrogenic fracture of the mandible may occur during or after implant surgery because implant placement weakens the already-compromised mandible. A few millimeters of cortical bone should remain on both the labial and the lingual sites after the hole for insertion of an implant has been drilled. A 3-D surgical planning should be recommended at least in severe atrophic mandibles in order to prevent a severe reduction of bone tissue.

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