The prevalence of psychopathology in offspring of bipolar women from a Brazilian tertiary center

Medical School, Clinical Hospital, Department and Institute of Psychiatry, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria (Impact Factor: 1.77). 09/2009; 31(3):240-6. DOI: 10.1590/S1516-44462009000300009
Source: PubMed


No previous study has assessed the occurrence of psychopathology in offspring of bipolar women from South America. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of psychopathology in offspring of bipolar mothers from Brazil compared with two control groups.
Children and adolescents aged 6 to 18 years of bipolar disorders mothers (n = 43), mothers with other mild to moderate mental disorders (n = 53) and mothers without any psychiatric disorder (n = 53) were evaluated using the Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia present and lifetime version, the Child Behavior Checklist and the Youth Self-Report. Raters were blind to the mothers' diagnoses, who were interviewed by means of the Structured Clinical Interview.
Bipolar offspring had twice the chance of having one or more lifetime Axis I diagnoses [prevalence ratio = 2.11 (95% CI: 1.30-3.42) and p = 0.003] and 2.8 higher risk of having a lifetime anxiety disorder [prevalence ratio = 2.83 (95% CI: 1.39-5.78) e p = 0.004] than the offspring of mothers with no mental disorder. In addition, significantly higher scores on Child Behavior Checklist thought problems and Youth Self-Report social problems, as well as anxiety/depression and internalizing problems were observed.
Our results confirm previous findings suggesting higher psychiatric problems in offspring of bipolar mothers and extend them to the Brazilian society.

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Available from: Ricardo Alberto Moreno, Jul 28, 2014
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    • "Comorbidities were frequent: anxiety disorders occurred in 34.9%, eating disorders in 13.9%, and substance-related disorders in 11.6%. Depressive (60.4%) or anxiety disorders (71.7%) were present in most PD controls, while few had eating disorders (7.5%) (Petresco et al., 2009). "
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a highly incapacitating disease typically associated with high rates of familial dysfunction. Despite recent literature suggesting that maternal care is an important environmental factor in the development of behavioral disorders, it is unclear how much maternal care is dysfunctional in BD subjects. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to characterize maternal care in DSM-IV/SCID diagnosed BD type I subjects compared to healthy controls with (PD) and without (NPD) other psychiatric diagnoses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-four BD mothers and 106 controls underwent an interview about family planning and maternal care, obstetrical complications, and mother-child interactions. K-SADS-PL questions about violence exposure were used to ascertain domestic violence and physical/sexual abuse. RESULTS: BD mothers were less likely to have stable unions (45.5%; p<0.01) or to live with the biological father of their children (33.3%; p<0.01), but had higher educational level and higher rates of social security use/retirement. They also had fewer children and used less contraceptive methods than controls. Children of BD women had higher rates of neonatal anoxia, and reported more physical abuse (16.1%; p=0.02) than offspring of NPD mothers. Due to BD mothers' symptoms, 33.3% of offspring suffered physical and/or psychological abuse. LIMITATIONS: Post hoc analysis, and the use of questions as a surrogate of symptoms as opposed to validated instruments. CONCLUSION: This is one of few reports confirming that maternal care given by BD women is dysfunctional. BD psychopathology can lead to poor maternal care and both should be considered important environmental risk factors in BD, suggesting that BD psychoeducation should include maternal care orientation.
    Journal of Affective Disorders 08/2012; 143(1-3). DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2012.05.050 · 3.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To characterize the main psycho pathological findings and neuropsychological profiles in a group of offspring of parents with Bipolar Disorder of Antioquia-Colombian ancestry. Methods: 20 children of parents with bipolar disorder type I were assessed using the K-SADS-PL in order to establish their diagnosis according with DSM-IV-TR criteria. Neuropsychological assessment was done by using subtests of the “Evaluación Neuropsicológica Infantil (ENI)” and the abbreviated version of WISC III. Bipolar parents and biological co-parents were evaluated with the Diagnostic Interview for Genetic Studies (DIGS). Results: The most common psychiatric disorders found were separation anxiety disorder (35%), simple phobia (20%), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (50%), and oppositional defiant disorder (20%). This group of offspring also presented subsyndromal anxiety and ADHD symptoms as a common psychopathological finding. None of the children assessed had bipolar disorder and only two cases presented major depressive disorder. However, subsyndromal symptoms for mania were found in a quarter of the sample. The main neuropsychological findings in the offspring were difficulties in memory evocation, memory recall, and long term memory. Conclusions: This group of children and adolescents of parents with BD type I from paisa population (Colombia) genetic isolate presents DSM-IV-TR diagnoses of anxiety and disruptive disorders and subsyndromal symptoms of several psychiatric disorders including BD. Some neuropsychological measures show low performance in memory and attention tests.
    Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatria 10/2011; 40:90-107.
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    Revista de Psiquiatria Clínica 12/2011; 39(4):149-152. DOI:10.1590/S0101-60832012000400006 · 0.52 Impact Factor
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