Proteomic differential display analysis identified upregulated astrocytic phosphoprotein PEA-15 in human malignant pleural mesothelioma cell lines.
ABSTRACT We performed proteomic differential display analysis of human malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) cell lines and a human pleural mesothelial cell line by using 2-DE and LC-MS/MS. The human MPM cell lines were NCI-H28, NCI-H2052 and NCI-H2452, and the human pleural mesothelial cell line was MeT-5A. Between MeT-5A and NCI-H2052, we found 38 protein spots whose expression levels were different, from the results of 2-DE; 28 protein spots appeared higher, and 10 other protein spots lower in NCI-H2052 than in MeT-5A. These spots were analyzed by LC-MS/MS analysis and identified by a peptide sequence tag. However, from the results of 2-DE of the other cell lines, there was only one consistently upregulated protein, astrocytic phosphoprotein PEA-15, in all three MPM cell lines. Western blotting using specific antibodies against PEA-15 confirmed the elevated expression level of PEA-15 in all three MPM cell lines compared with MeT-5A cells and normal pleura tissues from patients. PEA-15 was knocked down in NCI-H2052 cells, and the proliferation of PEA-15-silenced NCI-H2052 cells was suppressed 7-15% compared with negative control cells. These results suggest that PEA-15 expression is likely to be associated with the tumorigenesis of MPM.
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ABSTRACT: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common fatal cancers, and chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) is thought to be one of the main causes in Japan. To identify diagnostic or therapeutic biomarkers for HCC associated with HCV (HCV-HCC), we tried to elucidate the factors related to the products from cancerous tissues of HCV-infected patients. From proteomic differential display analysis of liver tissue samples from HCV-HCC cancerous tissues and corresponding non-cancerous tissues from patients, three protein spots of the same molecular mass (42 kDa), whose expression increased in well-differentiated cancerous tissues, were detected. Although their pI were different, they were identified as glutamine synthetase (GS) by PMF with MALDI-TOF MS and by Western blotting using anti-GS specific mAb. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that tumor tissue consists of two parts, GS-positive cell and GS-negative cell regions, suggesting that GS-producing cells grew in the tumor tissue as a nodule in nodules. The tryptic peptides of the most acidic GS isoform lost the signal of 899.5 Da, corresponding a peptide of SASIRIPR, and gained a signal of 1059.5 Da, which was submitted to PSD analysis. PSD analysis showed the neutral loss by elimination of two phosphate groups, supposed to be on serine residues of the 899.5-Da peptide, from serine 320 to arginine 327 in GS. PMF followed by PSD analysis is thought to be useful for the determination of phosphorylation sites of proteins showing molecular heterogeneity.Electrophoresis 05/2006; 27(8):1651-8. · 3.26 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We have found that a malignant mesothelioma cell line, NCI-H28, had a chromosome 3p21.3 homozygous deletion containing the beta-catenin gene (CTNNB1), which suggested that the deletion of beta-catenin might have a growth advantage in the development of this tumor. To determine whether beta-catenin has a growth-inhibitory activity, we transfected wild-type beta-catenin, Ser37Cys mutant beta-catenin as an activated type, and C-terminus deletion mutant beta-catenin that lacks the transcription activity, into the NCI-H28 cells. A non-small cell lung cancer cell line, NCI-H1299, which expressed endogenous beta-catenin, was also studied. We tested the localization of exogenous beta-catenin in the NCI-H28 cells with immunofluorescence, and found that the wild-type beta-catenin and the C-terminus deletion mutant were more strongly expressed in the plasma membrane and cytoplasm than in the nucleus, while the Ser37Cys mutant was more in the nucleus than in the cytoplasm. By using luciferase-reporter assay, the beta-catenin/T-cell factor 4-mediated transactivity of the Ser37Cys mutant was shown to be higher than that of the wild-type beta-catenin in both cell lines. However, the transactivity of the C-terminus deletion mutant was strongly reduced in both. Colony formation of the NCI-H28 cells was reduced by 50% after transfection with the wild-type beta-catenin, and 60% with the Ser37Cys mutant, but only 20% with the C-terminus deletion mutant compared to the vector control. Inhibition of colony formation in NCI-H28 cells was because of apoptosis, manifested by positive staining of Annexin V and TUNEL assays in transfected cells. In contrast, when transfected with the wild-type beta-catenin, no significant reduction in colony formation was seen in beta-catenin wild-type NCI-H1299 cells. In conclusion, our data indicate that inactivation of beta-catenin by a 3p21.3 homozygous deletion might be a crucial event in the development of the mesothelioma NCI-H28 cells. Thus, while beta-catenin is well known to be a positive growth-stimulating factor for many human cancers, it can also act as a potential growth suppressor in some types of human cancer cells.Oncogene 10/2003; 22(39):7923-30. · 7.36 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Cytotoxic chemotherapy has helped improve the outcomes in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but we seem to have reached a plateau with respect to the benefit obtained. Also, a large subset of elderly patients and those with a poor performance status cannot tolerate these drugs at recommended doses. There is a growing need to incorporate newer drugs with different mechanisms of action and better safety profile. The epidermal growth factor receptor family (EGFR) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) have been identified as potential targets and agents acting specifically against these targets have been developed with the hope of improving outcomes. Although recent data with the small molecule EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors have been disappointing, there have been instances of dramatic responses thereby raising questions about the ideal patient to whom these drugs should be administered. Cetuximab, the anti-EGFR antibody has shown promising results. Bevacizumab, the anti-VEGF antibody was the first drug to demonstrate a survival benefit in first line treatment when added to chemotherapy. This review will briefly discuss the important trials using these targeted agents in advanced NSCLC.Cancer Treatment Reviews 01/2007; 32(8):630-6. · 6.02 Impact Factor