High sensitive serum C-reactive protein and its relationship with other cardiovascular risk factors in normoinsulinemic polycystic ovary patients without metabolic syndrome.
ABSTRACT The aims of the study were to investigate high sensitive serum C-reactive protein (HS-CRP) levels in normoinsulinemic polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients without metabolic syndrome and whether there was any relationship between HS-CRP and other cardiovascular risk factors such as obesity and serum lipids.
A total of 52 normoinsulinemic PCOS women without metabolic syndrome and 48 normoandrogenic ovulatory women were enrolled in the study. Standard clinical examinations, and ultrasonographic and endocrine screening including FSH, LH, total testosterone, free testosterone, sex hormone-binding globulin, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), total cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG) were measured. Normal insulin sensitivity was defined on the basis of fasting serum glucose and insulin levels, serum insulin response to an oral glucose tolerance test and homeostatic model of insulin resistance. HS-CRP was assessed spectrophotometrically.
PCOS patients had increased HS-CRP compared to the control group (P < 0.0001). HS-CRP was positively correlated with body mass index (BMI) (r = 0.44, P < 0.0001), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) (r = 0.66, P < 0.0001), LDL (r = 0.62, P < 0.0001), TC (r = 0.56, P < 0.0001) and TG (r = 0.38, P < 0.0001), and negatively correlated with HDL (r = -0.45, P < 0.0001). There was also a strong association between HS-CRP and PCOS status (r = 0.69, P < 0.0001) in the study. Multivariate regression analysis demonstrated that BMI, WHR, LDL, HDL and PCOS status were also the independent variables that influenced HS-CRP in the overall group.
Elevated HS-CRP was associated with cardiovascular risk factors in normoinsulinemic PCOS without metabolic syndrome. These patients need more intensive screening or treatment for this disease.
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the most frequent cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease, and the risk for coronary heart disease is higher among the hemodialysis (HD) patients than in the general population. This excess risk for coronary heart disease is not entirely explained by traditional risk factors for CVDs. The aim of the study was to determine possible correlations between asymptomatic atherosclerosis and inflammatory markers (high sensitivity CRP [hsCRP], interleukin 6 [IL-6], tumor necrosis factor-alpha [TNF-alpha], interleukin 2 receptor [IL-2R], and selective adhesion molecules ICAM-1 and VCAM-1) in HD patients. In our study, 95 HD patients, 56 (59%) male and 39 (41%) female, were included. The mean age was 60 +/- 13 years, ranging from 22-81 years. Using B-mode ultrasonography (US), we measured intima-media thickness (IMT) and plaque occurrence (markers of asymptomatic atherosclerosis) in carotid arteries in these patients. In the 1-4 weeks after US examination, we took blood samples from patients to determine serum concentrations of inflammatory markers. The mean IMT value was 0.83 +/- 0.21 mm, ranging from 0.5 to 2 mm. The plaques were found in 63 (84%) of HD patients. Correlations between IMT values and serum concentrations of IL-2R (r = 0.269; p < 0.022) and VCAM-1 (r = 0.290; p < 0.014) were found. Multiple linear regression analysis showed relationship between IMT values and IL-2R (p = 0.049). No relationship between inflammatory markers and plaques was found. The results indicate that atherosclerosis in HD patients correlates with some nontraditional risk factors--the markers of inflammation.Renal Failure 01/2008; 30(10):1012-6. · 0.94 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Dyslipidaemia is very common in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) but, beyond plasma lipids, atherogenic lipoprotein (Lp) and apolipoprotein (apo) alterations are still ill defined. We measured concentrations of apoB, Lp(a) and small, dense low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in 42 patients with PCOS [age: 28 +/- 7 years, body mass index (BMI): 27 +/- 5 kg/m(2)] vs. 37 age- and BMI-matched healthy controls. Elevated Lp(a) levels considered were those > 30 mg/dl while elevated apoB concentrations were those > 100 g/l. Polycystic ovary syndrome showed increased triglycerides levels (p = 0.0011) and lower high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol concentrations (p = 0.0131) while total- and LDL cholesterol were similar. PCOS also showed smaller LDL size (p = 0.0005), higher levels of total small, dense LDL (p < 0.0001), higher concentrations of Lp(a), as considered as absolute values (p = 0.0143) and log-transformed (p = 0.0014), while no differences were found in apoB levels. Elevated Lp(a) concentrations were found in 24% of PCOS, while elevated apoB levels were relatively uncommon (14%). Spearman correlation analysis revealed that Lp(a) concentrations were weakly correlated only with HDL-cholesterol levels (r = -0.378, p = 0.0431). In addition, 36% of patients with PCOS with normal plasma lipid profile showed elevated levels of Lp(a), apoB or small, dense LDL. Atherogenic Lp abnormalities may be found in one-third of women with PCOS who have a normal lipid pattern. Future prospective studies are needed to test to which extent such atherogenic forms of dyslipidaemia may contribute to the increased cardiovascular risk in young women with PCOS.International Journal of Clinical Practice 01/2009; 63(1):56-62. · 2.43 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To assess the association of circulating levels of C-reactive protein, a sensitive systemic marker of inflammation, with different components of the metabolic syndrome. Total cholesterol (TC), HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, uric acid, BMI , and prevalence of diabetes and hypertension were assessed in 747 men and 956 women aged 18-89 years who were participating in the population-based National Health and Nutrition Survey, which was carried out in former West Germany in 1987-1988. There was a statistically significant positive crude correlation between C-reactive protein and TC (R = 0.19), TG (R = 0.29), BMI (R = 0.32), glucose (R = 0.11), and uric acid (R = 0.14) (all P < 0.0001). A negative correlation was found between C-reactive protein and HDL cholesterol (R = 0.13, P < 0.0001). The age-adjusted geometric means of C-reactive protein concentrations in subjects grouped according to the presence of 0-1, 2-3, and > or =4 features of the metabolic syndrome were 1.11, 1.27, and 2.16 mg/l, respectively, with a statistically highly significant trend (P < 0.0001). The data suggest that a variety of features of the metabolic syndrome are associated with a systemic inflammatory response.Diabetes Care 12/2000; 23(12):1835-9. · 7.74 Impact Factor