High sensitive serum C-reactive protein and its relationship with other cardiovascular risk factors in normoinsulinemic polycystic ovary patients without metabolic syndrome
ABSTRACT The aims of the study were to investigate high sensitive serum C-reactive protein (HS-CRP) levels in normoinsulinemic polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients without metabolic syndrome and whether there was any relationship between HS-CRP and other cardiovascular risk factors such as obesity and serum lipids.
A total of 52 normoinsulinemic PCOS women without metabolic syndrome and 48 normoandrogenic ovulatory women were enrolled in the study. Standard clinical examinations, and ultrasonographic and endocrine screening including FSH, LH, total testosterone, free testosterone, sex hormone-binding globulin, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), total cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG) were measured. Normal insulin sensitivity was defined on the basis of fasting serum glucose and insulin levels, serum insulin response to an oral glucose tolerance test and homeostatic model of insulin resistance. HS-CRP was assessed spectrophotometrically.
PCOS patients had increased HS-CRP compared to the control group (P < 0.0001). HS-CRP was positively correlated with body mass index (BMI) (r = 0.44, P < 0.0001), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) (r = 0.66, P < 0.0001), LDL (r = 0.62, P < 0.0001), TC (r = 0.56, P < 0.0001) and TG (r = 0.38, P < 0.0001), and negatively correlated with HDL (r = -0.45, P < 0.0001). There was also a strong association between HS-CRP and PCOS status (r = 0.69, P < 0.0001) in the study. Multivariate regression analysis demonstrated that BMI, WHR, LDL, HDL and PCOS status were also the independent variables that influenced HS-CRP in the overall group.
Elevated HS-CRP was associated with cardiovascular risk factors in normoinsulinemic PCOS without metabolic syndrome. These patients need more intensive screening or treatment for this disease.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Objective: To investigate cardiovascular risk factors in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) combined with subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH). Patients: A place-controlled study was performed. Group 1: 29 patients with PCOS and SCH; Group II: 35 patients with PCOS and normal thyroid function; and Group III: 34 healthy women with normal thyroid function. Main measure indexes: Total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL), Carotid Arterial Intima-Media Thickness (CIMT), free triiodothyronine 3 (FT3), free triiodothyronine 4 (FT4), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), fasting glucose, 1-hour oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT1), 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT2), fasting insulin, insulin after 1 hour oral glucose (INS1), insulin after 2 h oral glucose (INS2), HOM-IR = (fasting glucose × fasting insulin)/22.5. Results: TG, TC FIN, INS1, and HOM-IR levels were significantly higher, but the mean HDL level was significantly lower in Group I than in Group II (p < 0.05). LDL cholesterol, FGOGTT1, OGTT2, and insulin after 2 h oral glucose were not significantly higher in Group I than in Group II (p > 0.05). TG, TC, FIN and INS contents 2 h meal, HOM-IR levels were significantly higher, and the mean HDL cholesterol level was significantly lower in Group I than in Group III (p < 0.05). Blood glucose levels after 1 and 2 h were not significantly higher in Group I than in the Group III (p > 0.05). Carotid Arterial Intima-Media Thickness (CIMT) was significantly thicker in Group I than other two groups. Conclusions: The PCOS patients combined with SCH have higher risk of cardiovascular risk factors than in controls or in patients with PCOS.Gynecological Endocrinology 06/2014; DOI:10.3109/09513590.2013.829443 · 1.14 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To investigate hormonal dynamics in a group of non-obese polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients under myo-inositol (MYO) administration. Hormonal profiles, insulin response to oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and luteinizing hormone (LH) response to gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) stimulation test before and after the administration of a preparation of MYO (3 g p.o. daily) mixed with lactoferrin and bromelin, in a group (n = 24) of normal weight PCOS patients. After the treatment interval, body mass index (BMI) did not change while LH, LH/follicle-stimulating hormone, 17-hydroxy-progesterone and androstenedione decreased significantly. Insulin response to OGTT was significantly reduced after the treatment interval (P < 0.05) as well as GnRH-induced LH response (P < 0.05). High-sensitivity C-reactive protein decreased significantly after the treatment interval. MYO administration positively modulates insulin sensitivity in non-obese PCOS patients without compensatory hyperinsulinemia, improving hormonal parameters. The presence of bromelin in the formulation modulated the pro-inflammatory state that characterizes PCOS, independently of BMI.Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research 03/2014; DOI:10.1111/jog.12319 · 0.93 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Background/Aims: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients have an increased rate of subclinical inflammation, which plays a role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is an inflammatory mediator which belongs to the same family as the well-established cardiovascular biomarker C-reactive protein (CRP). The present study was performed to investigate plasma PTX3 levels in patients with PCOS and to determine the relationship between PTX3 and other known cardiovascular risk factors. Methods: 40 patients with PCOS and 40 age- and BMI-matched healthy controls were included in the study. The groups were divided into subgroups according to BMI. Insulin resistance indexes, lipid profile, CRP and PTX3 levels were analyzed. Results: There was no difference for insulin resistance indexes and lipid profile between the PCOS and control groups. CRP levels were significantly higher in obese PCOS and control subjects than in lean subjects, whereas no difference in PTX3 concentrations was observed between subgroups. Conclusion: PTX3 and CRP levels were similar in the PCOS group compared with the non-PCOS control group. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation 07/2014; 78(3). DOI:10.1159/000363744 · 1.25 Impact Factor