Article

A miniaturized fiber-coupled terahertz endoscope system

Division of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Korea Maritime University, Busan 606-791, Korea.
Optics Express (Impact Factor: 3.49). 09/2009; 17(19):17082-7. DOI: 10.1364/OE.17.017082
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In this study, we have designed, fabricated, and characterized a miniaturized optical fiber-coupled terahertz (THz) endoscope system. The endoscopic system utilized a photoconductive generator and detector driven by a mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser. In reflection mode, the endoscope showed a high signal-to-noise ratio and a wide frequency spectrum similar to the conventional THz time-domain spectroscopic system. The cross section of the endoscope including generator and detector head is (2 x 4 mm) x 6 mm, which is small enough to be inserted into a human body. For a feasibility test, the endoscopic system was used to measure reflective THz signals from the side wall of the mouth, tongue, and palm skin as well as from water for comparison. The absorption and refractive index of the side wall of the mouth and tongue were similar to those of water but those of the palm skin were less than water.

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