Pyrosequencing for SNP genotyping.
ABSTRACT Pyrosequencing is a real-time DNA sequencing method. It is based on the transformation of pyrophosphates, released during DNA elongation by DNA polymerase, into measurable light. During DNA elongation, a single pyrophosphate molecule is released following incorporation of a single nucleotide. In the pyrosequencing reaction, released pyrophosphates are then rapidly converted by sulfurylase to adenosine triphosphate, which in turn is utilized by luciferase to produce light. Within standardized conditions, this reaction is accomplished in a few milliseconds and the light produced can be registered with a CCD camera. Therefore, it becomes possible to quantitatively measure the nucleotides incorporated. This approach has been automated in different platforms and can be used for a wide variety of applications, such as single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping, DNA sequencing, loss of heterozygosity analysis, and CpG methylation studies. Here we describe the entire process, focusing our attention on SNP genotyping, and giving examples of some other applications.
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ABSTRACT: Many drug or single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-related resources and tools have been developed, but connecting and integrating them is still a challenge. Here, we describe a user-friendly web-based software package, named Drug-SNPing, which provides a platform for the integration of drug information (DrugBank and PharmGKB), protein-protein interactions (STRING), tagSNP selection (HapMap) and genotyping information (dbSNP, REBASE and SNP500Cancer). DrugBank-based inputs include the following: (i) common name of the drug, (ii) synonym or drug brand name, (iii) gene name (HUGO) and (iv) keywords. PharmGKB-based inputs include the following: (i) gene name (HUGO), (ii) drug name and (iii) disease-related keywords. The output provides drug-related information, metabolizing enzymes and drug targets, as well as protein-protein interaction data. Importantly, tagSNPs of the selected genes are retrieved for genotyping analyses. All drug-based and protein-protein interaction-based SNP genotyping information are provided with PCR-RFLP (PCR-restriction enzyme length polymorphism) and TaqMan probes. Thus, users can enter any drug keywords/brand names to obtain immediate information that is highly relevant to genotyping for pharmacogenomics research.Availability and implementation: Drug-SNPing and its user manual are freely available at http://bio.kuas.edu.tw/drug-snping/. CONTACT: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com.Bioinformatics 02/2013; · 4.62 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We have developed a rapid and sensitive quantitative assay for the measurement of individual allelic ratios. This assay minimizes time and labor, the need for special restriction endonuclease enzymes for polymorphic sites, and avoids heteroduplex formation seen with traditional quantitative PCR-based methods. It has improved sensitivity compared to other methods and is capable of distinguishing 1% differences in allelic expression. This assay, termed Pyrosequencing for Imprinted Expression (PIE), involves the use of an intron-crossing PCR primer to generate the first PCR product. We applied the assay to analyze Insulin-like Growth Factor-2 (IGF2) imprinting in both human and mouse prostate tissues.Epigenetics: official journal of the DNA Methylation Society 08/2013; 8(10). · 5.11 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Identification of parasite genes that underlie traits such as drug resistance and host specificity is challenging using classical linkage mapping approaches. Extreme QTL (X-QTL) methods, originally developed by rodent malaria and yeast researchers, promise to increase the power and simplify logistics of linkage mapping in experimental crosses of schistosomes (or other helminth parasites), because many 1000s of progeny can be analysed, phenotyping is not required, and progeny pools rather than individuals are genotyped. We explored the utility of this method for mapping a drug resistance gene in the human parasitic fluke Schistosoma mansoni.BMC genomics. 07/2014; 15(1):617.