Article

Phosphoproteomics reveals new ERK MAP kinase targets and links ERK to nucleoporin-mediated nuclear transport.

Division of Cellular Proteomics (BML), Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
Nature Structural & Molecular Biology (Impact Factor: 11.63). 09/2009; 16(10):1026-35. DOI: 10.1038/nsmb.1656
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Many extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase substrates have been identified, but the diversity of ERK-mediated processes suggests the existence of additional targets. Using a phosphoproteomic approach combining the steroid receptor fusion system, IMAC, 2D-DIGE and phosphomotif-specific antibodies, we detected 38 proteins showing reproducible phosphorylation changes between ERK-activated and ERK-inhibited samples, including 24 new candidate ERK targets. ERK directly phosphorylated at least 13 proteins in vitro. Of these, Nup50 was verified as a bona fide ERK substrate. Notably, ERK phosphorylation of the FG repeat region of Nup50 reduced its affinity for importin-beta family proteins, importin-beta and transportin. Other FG nucleoporins showed a similar functional change after ERK-mediated phosphorylation. Nuclear migration of importin-beta and transportin was impaired in ERK-activated, digitonin-permeabilized cells, as a result of ERK phosphorylation of Nup50. Thus, we propose that ERK phosphorylates various nucleoporins to regulate nucleocytoplasmic transport.

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