Pre-analytical operating procedures for serum Low Molecular Weight protein profiling.
ABSTRACT Biological specimen collection and storage are an integral component of serum proteomics research. Although many efforts have been posed to address the effects of pre-analytical procedures, standardized protocols for collection and storage of samples for Low Molecular Weight (LMW) proteome profiling are still needed. Here we report a systematic analysis on the influence of pre-analytical factors [clotting times, temperature and time storage, addition of protease inhibitor (PI)] on serum LMW proteome profiling. Moreover, a comparison between manual versus automated peptide purification by functionalized magnetic bead-based MALDI-MS approach was performed. The results demonstrated best serum LMW proteins recovery and stability using a clotting time between 1 and 2h, with serum stored up to 2h either at room temperature or at 4 degrees C, independently of PI addition. PI addition to whole blood resulted in a lower number of LMW peaks detected. Finally, minimal effects on serum proteome profiles were observed after 1-month storage at -80 degrees C, independently of PI addition on whole blood and/or serum. In conclusion, the use of standardized pre-analytical and storage procedures together with an automated peptide purification might minimize potential bias on serum LMW profiling results, thus allowing a better homogeneity and reproducibility in future proteomics studies.
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Article: Proteomics: the move to mixtures.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Proteomics can be defined as the systematic analysis of proteins for their identity, quantity and function. In contrast to a cell's static genome, the proteome is both complex and dynamic. Proteome analysis is most commonly accomplished by the combination of two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DE) and mass spectrometry (MS). However, this technique is under scrutiny because of a failure to detect low-abundance proteins from the analysis of whole cell lysates. Alternative approaches integrate a diversity of separation technologies and make use of the tremendous peptide separation and sequencing power provided by MS/MS. When liquid chromatography is combined with tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) and applied to the direct analysis of mixtures, many of the limitations of 2DE for proteome analysis can be overcome. This tutorial addresses current approaches to identify and characterize large numbers of proteins and measure dynamic changes in protein expression directly from complex protein mixtures (total cell lysates).Journal of Mass Spectrometry 11/2001; 36(10):1083-91. · 3.21 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A database was established from human hemofiltrate (HF) that consisted of a mass database and a sequence database, with the aim of analyzing the composition of the peptide fraction in human blood. To establish a mass database, all 480 fractions of a peptide bank generated from HF were analyzed by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Using this method, over 20 000 molecular masses representing native, circulating peptides were detected. Estimation of repeatedly detected masses suggests that approximately 5000 different peptides were recorded. More than 95% of the detected masses are smaller than 15 000, indicating that HF predominantly contains peptides. The sequence database contains over 340 entries from 75 different protein and peptide precursors. 55% of the entries are fragments from plasma proteins (fibrinogen A 13%, albumin 10%, β2-microglobulin 8.5%, cystatin C 7%, and fibrinogen B 6%). Seven percent of the entries represent peptide hormones, growth factors and cytokines. Thirty-three percent belong to protein families such as complement factors, enzymes, enzyme inhibitors and transport proteins. Five percent represent novel peptides of which some show homology to known peptide and protein families. The coexistence of processed peptide fragments, biologically active peptides and peptide precursors suggests that HF reflects the peptide composition of plasma. Interestingly, protein modules such as EGF domains (meprin Aα-fragments), somatomedin-B domains (vitronectin fragments), thyroglobulin domains (insulin like growth factor-binding proteins), and Kazal-type inhibitor domains were identified. Alignment of sequenced fragments to their precursor proteins and the analysis of their cleavage sites revealed that there are different processing pathways of plasma proteins in vivo.Journal of chromatography. B, Biomedical sciences and applications 05/1999;
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ABSTRACT: Magnetic bead purification for the analysis of low-abundance proteins in body fluids facilitates the identification of potential new biomarkers by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). The aims of our study were to establish a proteome fractionation technique and to validate a standardized blood sampling, processing, and storage procedure for proteomic pattern analysis. We used magnetic bead separation for proteome profiling of human blood by MALDI-TOF MS (mass range, 1000-10,000 Da) and studied the effects on the quality and reproducibility of the proteome analysis of anticoagulants, blood clotting, time and temperature of sample storage, and the number of freeze-thaw cycles of samples. The proteome pattern of human serum was characterized by approximately 350 signals in the mass range of 1000-10,000 Da. The proteome profile showed time-dependent dynamic changes before and after centrifugation of the blood samples. Serum mass patterns differed between native samples and samples frozen once. The best reproducibility of proteomic patterns was with a single thawing of frozen serum samples. Application of the standardized preanalytical blood sampling and storage procedure in combination with magnetic bead-based fractionation decreases variability of proteome patterns in human serum assessed by MALDI-TOF MS.Clinical Chemistry 07/2005; 51(6):973-80. · 7.15 Impact Factor