Lung donation and causes behind its failure: a single-center experience.
ABSTRACT Brain-dead patients are almost the only source of organs for lung transplantation, and lungs fall within the area of the least harvested organs. As a result, maintaining the highest possible harvest rate is a must for the lung transplantation system. In the present study, the harvest rate of lungs and also the causes of failure to donate the lungs is reported for brain-dead patients in our organ procurement unit.
After going through the brain-death database at our organ procurement unit between 2004 and 2008, we included all 93 brain deaths in this hospital. The lung donation rate was reviewed to examined the causes for failure to donate lungs.
From the total brain-dead patients registered in the database, only 4 (4.6%) patients donated their lungs. The causes of failure to donate a lung were not suitable lungs among 78 (83.8%) because they had an unacceptable oxygen challenge test results (<300 mm Hg). Another 11 patients had acceptable oxygen challenge test results, but donation failed in their case as well due to most frequently to pulmonary aspiration.
In this center, only a small percentage of lungs are appropriate for harvest in brain-dead patients, because many patients' lungs do not meet the criteria with unacceptable oxygen challenge test results. Patients with proper test results may fail to donate lungs due to pulmonary aspiration. More aggressive care of the patients may have an important role in keeping them in good condition and helping to preserve the organs for harvest. For this purpose, further training of intensive care unit staff and physicians are among the suggested steps to enhance the quality of care, which in turn can maximize the lung harvest rate.
- SourceAvailable from: ajrccm.atsjournals.orgAmerican Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 10/2006; 174(6):624-5. · 11.04 Impact Factor
Article: The non heart-beating donor.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Given the shortage of donor kidneys for transplantation, we have focused on the use of non heart-beating (NHB) donor kidneys since 1982. The major drawback for the use of NHB donor kidneys is the inherent possibility of severe ischaemic damage leading to primary non function. Thus viability assessment of ischaemically damaged kidneys is crucial, and, therefore, a machine perfusion programme was reinstituted in 1993. Machine perfusion (MP) enables viability assessment through analysis of perfusion characteristics and measurement of enzyme release into the perfusate. Of the last 100 consecutive MP NHB donor kidneys, 71 kidneys were transplanted and 29 kidneys were discarded. Nine kidneys started functioning immediately, 51 kidneys showed delayed function and 11 kidneys never functioned. When analysing in retrospect different parameters for viability assessment, only alpha-GST, an enzyme specific for damage of proximal tubular cells within the kidney, could discriminate between functioning and non-functioning kidneys. With this promising viability assessment, the large NHB donor potential and the good transplant results, we recommend the use of these donors.British Medical Bulletin 01/1997; 53(4):844-53. · 4.36 Impact Factor
Article: [Lung transplantation].Nippon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine 02/2002; 60 Suppl 1:710-6.