The New York City House Ball community consists of social networks of racial/ethnic minority gay, lesbian or bisexual men and women, and transgender persons. HIV seroprevalence and interview data were obtained from a sample of community members to identify statistical differences in HIV prevalence, risk behavior, and psychosocial stressors between men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women. Of 301 MSM and 60 transgender women, 20% were HIV-infected and 73% were unaware of their infection, but rates did not differ by gender. Risk behavior and stressors were common in both groups, but transgender women were more likely to report exchange sex, stigmatization, and stressful life events. High rates of risk behavior and HIV in this special community warrant relevant HIV testing and prevention services. Transgender women in the community may be at even greater risk for HIV infection due to behaviors compounded by substantial psychosocial stressors.
"clude two different modes of data collection ( i . e . , in person and via phone inter - view ) , and it may be that the in - person interviews allowed for more depth of meaning due to having access to nonverbal communication . Research suggests that gay families in other regions may include more ethnic= racial diversity , such as Latino members ( Sanchez et al . , 2010 ) . We focused only on African American family members , although gay families may be impor - tant community structures for other ethnic minority groups . It could be useful for future researchers to investigate the role of older family members and founding members of families . Our study was limited to family members between the ages o"
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gay families are constructed support networks that gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals of color form, often in response to societal marginalization and rejection from biological families. Research on these family structures has been scarce, with little focus on the experience of African American gay family networks in the South. The current grounded theory qualitative study focused on the experiences of 10 African American male and transgender individuals between the ages of 18 and 29 from gay families in the Mid-South, and explored the ways these families addressed safe-sex issues and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk prevention. Results revealed that families can play a role in either increasing HIV risk (e.g., ignoring HIV issues, encouraging such unsafe behaviors as exchanging sex for money or drugs, stigmatizing HIV-positive people) or decreasing it (e.g., intensive, family-level prevention efforts at safe-sex practices and family support for HIV treatment adherence). The potential of these family networks for HIV prevention and adherence efforts is considered.
The Journal of Sex Research 07/2014; 52(7):1-14. DOI:10.1080/00224499.2014.901285 · 2.53 Impact Factor
"The term transgender, therefore, is referred to those individuals whose gender expression or identification does not coincide with the biological binary concept of sex. Most scientific dissertations focus on this phenomenon according to different paradigms, such as ethnology (Garfinkel, 1967), sociology (Connell, 2010, Richardson, 2007, Schilt and Westbrook, 2009), law (De Silva, 2007), medicine (Grella et al. 2000) and psychology (Salvini, 1999; Sanchez et al., 2010; Vanderburgh and Forshée, 2003). The various approaches investigate the gender identification process from an etiological (Westphal, 1869, Cauldwell, 1949), cognitive (Docter and Fleming, 2001), behavioural (Nuttbrock et al., 2009) or socio-constructive (West and Zimmerman, 1987) point of view. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The research aims to analyse the discursive construction of gender violence towards trans-women detained in the prison of Sollicciano, near Florence. Discourses, produced in this context, evidence how (trans)gender identities are constructed with regard to norms, preconceived roles, low ranges of agency, inequalities of status and distribution of power. Results show that transgender prisoners perceive more violence inside the women’s ward than in the men’s ward. This representation of violence seems to be an internalisation of gender inequalities passed form man to woman and then from woman to transgender.
"While a small percentage of participants in the quantitative phase of this study were from outside Southern California their presence at Los Angeles Ballroom events makes them a part of the extended Los Angeles community. Thus, generalizability of our study findings may not extend to House and Ball communities throughout the United States, especially because demographic and HIV testing patterns of our sample differed from previously studied House and Ball communities in other cities (Murill et al., 2008; Sanchez et al., 2010). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: African-American young men who have sex with men and transgender persons are at elevated risk for HIV infection. House and Ball communities, networks of mostly African-American gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals who compete in modeling and dance, represent a prime venue for HIV prevention with these difficult-to-reach populations; however, little research exists on effective approaches to HIV prevention within these communities. Using a mixed-methods approach, the present study sought to document participation in HIV prevention activities of a sample from the Los Angeles House and Ball communities (n = 263) in order to inform future service development. While 80% of participants were tested for HIV within the past 6 months, only 26% report HIV prevention program attendance. House leaders recommend a holistic approach to HIV prevention, one that incorporates attention to social problems beyond HIV, including poverty, housing difficulties, and lack of job training.
AIDS education and prevention: official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education 10/2012; 24(5):431-44. DOI:10.1521/aeap.2012.24.5.431 · 1.51 Impact Factor
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