Article

Placing a Saline Bag Underneath the Displaced Heart Enhances Transgastric Transesophageal Echocardiographic Imaging During Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

Department of Anesthesiology, Konkuk University Medical Center, Konkuk University School of Medicine, 4-12 Hwayang-dong, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul, 143-729, Korea.
Anesthesia and analgesia (Impact Factor: 3.42). 10/2009; 109(4):1038-40. DOI: 10.1213/ANE.0b013e3181af4083
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The authors hypothesized that placing a saline bag (saline-filled surgical glove) underneath a displaced heart would improve ultrasound transmission for transgastric (TG) imaging and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) to visualize left ventricular regional wall motion (LV-RWM) during cardiac displacement for off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery.
Prospective observational study.
Tertiary University Hospital.
Adult patients undergoing OPCAB surgery.
Intraoperative TEE examination MEASUREMENT AND MAIN RESULTS: For off-line analyses of LV-readable segments, mid-esophageal (ME, 4-chamber, 2-chamber, and long-axis) and TG (basal- and mid-short-axis) TEE views were recorded under 3 different intraoperative conditions in 13 cases of OPCAB surgery: Before cardiac displacement (Tcontrol), after cardiac displacement (Tdisplaced), and after placing the saline bag underneath the displaced heart (Tsaline-bag). There were more LV-readable segments in the 17-segment model using integrated ME and TG views(ME + TG views) at Tsaline-bag and Tcontrol (mean[95% confidence interval], 17[17-17] and 17[17-17]) than using ME+TG at Tdisplaced (15[15-16], P = 0.002 and P<0.001, respectively). Using ME + TG views provided more LV-readable segments in the 17-segment model than using ME views at Tsaline-bag (vs. 16[14-16], P < 0.001), but not at Tdisplaced (vs. 15[14-15]). Incidences of inadequate RWM monitoring (LV-readable segments<14/17 using ME + TG views) at Tsaline-bag and Tcontrol (all 0/13) were less frequent than at Tdisplaced (3/13, all P = 0.038). There were more LV-readable segments in TG basal- and mid-short-axis views at Tsaline-bag (median [range], 6[5-6] and 5[5-6]) than at Tdisplaced (0[0-2] and 0[0-1], all P < 0.05).
Placing a saline bag underneath the displaced heart enhances the ability of TEE to visualize global LV-RWM by improving TG TEE imaging during OPCAB surgery.

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    ABSTRACT: Objective The authors hypothesized that placing a saline bag (saline-filled surgical glove) underneath a displaced heart would improve ultrasound transmission for transgastric (TG) imaging and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) to visualize left ventricular regional wall motion (LV-RWM) during cardiac displacement for off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery. Design Prospective observational study. Setting Tertiary University Hospital. Participants Adult patients undergoing OPCAB surgery. Interventions Intraoperative TEE examination Measurement and Main Results For off-line analyses of LV-readable segments, mid-esophageal (ME, 4-chamber, 2-chamber, and long-axis) and TG (basal- and mid-short-axis) TEE views were recorded under 3 different intraoperative conditions in 13 cases of OPCAB surgery: Before cardiac displacement (Tcontrol), after cardiac displacement (Tdisplaced), and after placing the saline bag underneath the displaced heart (Tsaline-bag). There were more LV-readable segments in the 17-segment model using integrated ME and TG views(ME + TG views) at Tsaline-bag and Tcontrol (mean[95% confidence interval], 17[17–17] and 17[17–17]) than using ME+TG at Tdisplaced (15[15–16], P = 0.002 and P<0.001, respectively). Using ME + TG views provided more LV-readable segments in the 17-segment model than using ME views at Tsaline-bag (vs. 16[14–16], P < 0.001), but not at Tdisplaced (vs. 15[14–15]). Incidences of inadequate RWM monitoring (LV-readable segments<14/17 using ME + TG views) at Tsaline-bag and Tcontrol (all 0/13) were less frequent than at Tdisplaced (3/13, all P = 0.038). There were more LV-readable segments in TG basal- and mid-short-axis views at Tsaline-bag (median [range], 6[5–6] and 5[5-6]) than at Tdisplaced (0[0–2] and 0[0–1], all P < 0.05). Conclusions Placing a saline bag underneath the displaced heart enhances the ability of TEE to visualize global LV-RWM by improving TG TEE imaging during OPCAB surgery.
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