Newer Antiphospholipid Antibodies Predict Adverse Outcomes in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome

Departments of Medicine, Saint Mary's Hospital, Waterbury, CT 06706, USA.
American Journal of Clinical Pathology (Impact Factor: 2.51). 10/2009; 132(4):613-20. DOI: 10.1309/AJCP2FJUT2YZGITK
Source: PubMed


Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLs) have been implicated in atherogenesis. We studied 344 patients with acute coronary syndromes; approximately 40% were aPL+ in 1 or more tests and 60% aPL-. In 215 patients, coronary artery disease (CAD) was angiographically documented, with 43.7% positive for aPL vs 34.9% of patients without CAD positive for aPLs. Anti-beta(2)-glycoprotein I (beta2GPI; 54%) and anti-oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL)/beta2GPI (48%) were most frequent, accounting for 87% of all aPL+ CAD cases. aPLs correlated with severity of CAD (P = .012). Adverse events occurred in 16.7% of patients with CAD, more frequently in patients who were aPL+ (P = .0006; relative risk, 2.9; 95% confidence interval, 1.5-5.6). Patients who were aPL+ with severe CAD had more adverse events than patients who were aPL- with severe CAD (P = .005) and aPL+ patients undergoing revascularization procedures (P = .001). Vascular events occurred in 21.7% of aPL+ patients compared with 7.1% of aPL- patients (P = .005). Anti-beta2GPI and anti-oxLDL/beta2GPI were associated with CAD severity and adverse outcomes.

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