The results of adjuvant radiotherapy in endometrial carcinoma
ABSTRACT To examine the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes in patients with endometrial cancer receiving adjuvant radiotherapy.
A total of 157 patients who received postoperative radiotherapy (RT) between 1999 and 2008 were evaluated, retrospectively. The mean age was 59 years (34-82). All patients received RT following surgery. Stage distribution was as follows: 92 patients (59%) stage I, 21 patients (13%) stage II, and 44 patients (28%) stage III.
Overall survival rate was 95% at 2 years and 84% at 5 years. By the end of follow up, 135 patients (86%) were disease-free, and 4 (2%) were alive with disease. Univariate and multivariate analyses identified stage, grade, and serosal involvement as significant predictors for overall survival.
The results of our study suggests that early stage, low-grade endometrial cancer with no serosal involvement is associated with a better survival and adjuvant radiotherapy is a well tolerated and effective therapeutic option.
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ABSTRACT: Aim. To analyze the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes in patients with endometrial carcinoma treated in a Latin American institute with emphasis in patients receiving adjuvant radiotherapy. Methods. A total of 412 patients with endometrial carcinoma admitted to our hospital between 1998 and 2008 were evaluated, retrospectively. The mean age was 55 years (28-87). Two hundred seventy patients received RT following surgery. Stage distribution was as follows: 221 patients (54%) stage I, 86 patients (21%) stage II, and 103 patients (24.5%) stage III and 2 patients (0.5%) stage IVA. Results. Overall survival rate was 95% at 2 years, 84% at 5 years, and 79% at 10 years. By the end of followup, 338 patients (82%) were disease-free, and 13 (3%) were alive with disease. Univariate and multivariate analyses identified age, grade, serosal and adnexial involvement as significant predictors for overall survival. Conclusion. The results of our study suggests that early-stage, low-grade endometrial cancer with no risk factors should not receive external beam radiotherapy, intermediate risk patients should receive only vaginal vault brachytherapy, and the use of chemotherapy with radiotherapy for patients high-risk and advanced-stage carcinoma the addition of radiotherapy is associated with a better survival being an effective therapeutic option.05/2012; 2012:178051. DOI:10.5402/2012/178051
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ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were to evaluate local disease control, overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) and local relapse-free survival (LRFS) in patients with endometrial cancer undergoing adjuvant vaginal brachytherapy (VBT)±external-beam radiotherapy (EBRT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From September 2007 to February 2011, 40 patients with endometrial cancer were retrospectively analysed. Surgery consisted of total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy without node dissection (16 patients) or with bilateral pelvic node dissection (24 patients). The stage distribution was as follows: two IA, nine IB, 12 IC, five IIA, eight IIB, two IIIA and two IIIC. Thirty-four patients underwent EBRT and VBT. Six patients received VBT alone. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 26 months. The 5-year OS and DFS were 96.4% and 86.9%, respectively. No local recurrence was observed. Four patients presented distant disease (three had lung metastases and one had hepatic node metastases). Acute EBRT-related toxicities were seen in 15 (38%) patients. We recorded late toxicities in 14 patients (35%). There was no evidence of grade 3-4 toxicity. CONCLUSIONS: Adjuvant EBRT and/or VBT in patients with endometrial cancer showed good outcomes in terms of local disease control, with an acceptable toxicity profile.La radiologia medica 05/2012; DOI:10.1007/s11547-012-0833-7 · 1.37 Impact Factor