Immunophenotypic Analysis of AIDS-Related Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma and Clinical Implications in Patients From AIDS Malignancies Consortium Clinical Trials 010 and 034

Nuffield Division of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, England, United Kingdom
Journal of Clinical Oncology (Impact Factor: 17.88). 09/2009; 27(30):5039-48. DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2008.20.5450
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) represents a clinically heterogeneous disease. Models based on immunohistochemistry predict clinical outcome. These include subdivision into germinal center (GC) versus non-GC subtypes; proliferation index (measured by expression of Ki-67), and expression of BCL-2, FOXP1, or B-lymphocyte-induced maturation protein (Blimp-1)/PRDM1. We sought to determine whether immunohistochemical analyses of biopsies from patients with DLBCL having HIV infection are similarly relevant for prognosis.
We examined 81 DLBCLs from patients with AIDS in AMC010 (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone [CHOP] v CHOP-rituximab) and AMC034 (etoposide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone, and dose-adjusted cyclophosphamide plus rituximab concurrent v sequential) clinical trials and compared the immunophenotype with survival data, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) positivity, and CD4 counts.
The GC and non-GC subtypes of DLBCL did not differ significantly with respect to overall survival or CD4 count at cancer presentation. EBV could be found in both subtypes of DLBCL, although less frequently in the GC subtype, and did not affect survival. Expression of FOXP1, Blimp-1/PRDM1, or BCL-2 was not correlated with the outcome in patients with AIDS-related DLBCL.
These data indicate that with current treatment strategies for lymphoma and control of HIV infection, commonly used immunohistochemical markers may not be clinically relevant in HIV-infected patients with DLBCL. The only predictive immunohistochemical marker was found to be Ki-67, where a higher proliferation index was associated with better survival, suggesting a better response to therapy in patients whose tumors had higher proliferation rates.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Since the discovery of Epstein-Barr virus in Burkitt's lymphoma 50 years ago, only one other virus, namely Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus/human herpesvirus-8, has been confirmed to be a direct cause of B-cell lymphoma. Here we will review the evidence for Epstein-Barr virus and Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus as causal lymphoma agents.
    Current Opinion in Hematology 05/2014; DOI:10.1097/MOH.0000000000000060 · 4.05 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection substantially elevates diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) risk, but its impact on the distinct DLBCL subtypes defined by cell of origin is unclear. We compared DLBCL molecular characteristics and prognosis in 51 HIV-infected and 116 HIV-uninfected cases diagnosed during 1977–2003. Using immunohistochemistry to classify cell of origin based on the Tally algorithm, activated B-cell (ABC)-DLBCL was substantially more common in HIV-infected (83%) than in HIV-uninfected (54%) cases (p < 0.001). Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) was detected in 63% of DLBCLs in HIV-infected cases, occurring almost exclusively in ABC-DLBCL (74% vs. 13% of germinal center B-cell [GCB]-DLBCL, p = 0.002), but was rarely detected in DLBCLs among HIV-uninfected cases (3%). Among HIV-uninfected cases, MYC/IgH [t(8;14)(q24;q32)] and IgH/BCL2 [t(14;18)(q32;q21)] translocations were significantly more common and BCL6/IgH [t(3;14)(q27;q32)] significantly less common in GCB-DLBCL than in ABC-DLBCL (p = 0.010, < 0.001 and = 0.039, respectively). Among HIV-infected cases, translocations other than MYC/IgH [t(8;14)(q24;q32)] (21%) were rare (≤ 6%) and unrelated to cell of origin. ABC-DLBCL was associated with adverse overall survival compared with GCB-DLBCL regardless of HIV status (pHIV-infected = 0.066; pHIV-uninfected = 0.038). Our data demonstrate key differences in the molecular characteristics, cell of origin and prognosis of DLBCL by HIV status in the pre-highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and pre-rituximab era, supporting biologic differences in lymphomagenesis in the presence of HIV.
    Leukemia and Lymphoma 02/2014; 55(3). DOI:10.3109/10428194.2013.813499 · 2.61 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The critical role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in cell differentiation, homeostasis and cancer development has been extensively discussed in recent publications. The microRNAs with RISC enzyme complex allow it to find its complementary sequence, which is usually located in the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of the target messenger RNA (mRNA). This is followed by inhibition of protein translation or promotion, resulting in degradation of the target gene. miR-21 has been mapped at chromosome 17q23.2, where it overlaps with the protein coding gene vacuole membrane protein 1 (VMP1), a human homologue of rat vacuole membrane protein. Recent evidence indicates that miR-21 plays a vital role in tumour cell proliferation, apoptosis and invasion. The inhibition of miR-21 may induce cell cycle arrest and increased chemosensitivity to anticancer agents, providing evidence that miR-21 functions as an oncogene in human cancer. Increased expression levels of miR-21 were observed in tumours arising from diverse tissue types. This also includes tumours of haematological origin, such as chronic lymphatic leukaemia, diffuse large B cell lymphomas (DLBCLs), acute myeloid leukaemia and Hodgkin lymphomas. Recently, it has been shown that high levels of B cell activation were induced by miR-21 in circulating B cells and are seen in HIV-infected individual. Notably, miR-21 is overexpressed in activated B cells, suggesting its assistance in maintaining B cell hyperactivation, which plays a pivotal role in HIV-infected cells. Therefore, miR-21 can be considered as a powerful biomarker in HIV-related lymphomas. The number of studies related to the role of miR-21 in HIV-related lymphomas is sparse; therefore, this mini review highlights the recent publications related to clinical impact and significance of miR-21, specifically in HIV- and non-HIV-related lymphomas.
    Tumor Biology 06/2014; 35:8387–8393. DOI:10.1007/s13277-014-2068-9 · 2.84 Impact Factor


Available from